Ruth Ann Berkowitz

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Orogastric naltrexone is used for opioid detoxification, but it is not known how gastric absorption affects plasma concentrations of the drug. We measured plasma naltrexone during orogastric naltrexone, given in repeated doses of 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg and 50 mg. Plasma naltrexone was measured after each naltrexone dose. The increase in plasma naltrexone was(More)
Severe craniofacial synostosis can be a devastating problem for a newborn infant. Reasons for early surgical intervention include cranial stenosis, hydrocephalus, inadequate globe and corneal protection, compromised airway patency, and feeding problems. In this preliminary report, we describe the management of severe craniofacial synostosis in a newborn(More)
Corneal sensitivity was tested in 60 eyes of 30 patients who underwent unilateral epikeratophakia for the correction of aphakia (20 patients) or keratoconus (10 patients). Postoperative recovery time ranged from 2 months to 21 months (mean: 10 months). Our results indicate a relative hypesthesia of the epikeratophakia lenticule when compared with the(More)
Alkali-burned rabbit corneas were treated with 40% glucose or 5% sodium chloride ophthalmic ointments 3 times daily for 6 weeks and examined clinically and histologically. Treatment with hypertonic ointment as compared to untreated controls demonstrated decreased corneal neovascularization and ulceration. The possible nutritional advantage of hypertonic(More)
It has been shown that rapid opioid detoxification is associated with increased sympathetic activity (SYMP) and plasma catecholamines. Heart rate (HR) variability may provide a noninvasive method of evaluating withdrawal and sympathetic activation caused by the reversal of opioid binding in patients who are opioid dependent. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate arterial blood pressure and middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity in children during induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. These measures were compared to findings in a control group anesthetized with halothane. Each child received mask induction of sevoflurane (n = 9) or halothane (n = 9) with 70% nitrous(More)
Eight patients (ages 10 months to 5 years) underwent laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) without intraluminal stenting or tracheostomy. All patients had moderate to severe acquired or congenital subglottic stenosis. Six patients were tracheostomy-dependent prior to reconstruction. The other two children were intubated and would have required tracheostomy(More)
Breastmilk and breastfeeding are known to have significant advantages and benefits over the use of artificial formula for infants and young children[1-4]. These benefits are reflected in the increased costs related to preventable illnesses as well as the actual costs of artificial formulas[5]. Both the World Health Organization[3] and the National Health(More)