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Clostridium difficile is the most frequently identified enteric pathogen in patients with nosocomially acquired, antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The drugs most commonly used to treat diseases associated with C. difficile are metronidazole and vancomycin. Most clinical laboratories assume that all C. difficile isolates are susceptible to metronidazole and(More)
A cooperative study was conducted among six laboratories to compare the performance of the Cobas Amplicor (CA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system (Roche Molecular Systems, USA) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with that of microscopy and culture in routine clinical laboratory diagnosis. A total of 5,221 decontaminated respiratory(More)
We evaluated the in vitro activity of ramoplanin, an antimicrobial compound that inhibits cell wall synthesis by acting at the level of lipid intermediate formation, against Clostridium difficile. We included strains with reduced susceptibilities to vancomycin (vancomycin-intermediate [Van(i)] strains) or with resistance to metronidazole (Mtz(r)), in order(More)
BACKGROUND Formulations containing plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) are opening new avenues in the field of regenerative medicine. AIM To evaluate the potential antimicrobial effects of a product (plasma rich in growth factors; PRGF(®)-Endoret(®)) against both methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus(More)
Toxigenic Clostridium difficile is the aetiologic agent of most cases of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis. The present standard method for C. difficile diagnosis is a cytotoxicity assay, performed on human fibroblast cultures. It is time consuming and requires special facilities. A nested-PCR assay detecting toxin B gene within a(More)
Clostridium difficile is one of the most frequent causes of hospital-acquired diarrhoea. Our objective was to prove that some stool samples with a direct negative cytotoxicity assay may indeed harbour toxigenic C. difficile and that this can be demonstrated by performing a "second-look" cytotoxicity assay using the isolated C. difficile strains. Over an(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a survey of the methods used in clinical microbiology laboratories in Europe to diagnose infection with Clostridium difficile. METHODS A questionnaire was devised and sent to a co-ordinating member of the Study Group in each of eight European countries. This co-ordinator was in charge of forwarding the questionnaire to hospital(More)
"Blue eye disease" is a viral infection of swine endemic in Mexico, which produces fatal encephalitis accompanied by respiratory signs and corneal opacity in suckling piglets. An atypical blue eye disease outbreak presented high rates of neurological signs in fattening and adult pigs from 2000 to 2003. In order to identify the basis of increased(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is the 'gold standard' technique for bacterial typing and has proved to be discriminatory and reproducible for typing Clostridium difficile. Nevertheless, a high proportion of strains are non-typable by this technique due to the degradation of the DNA during the process. The introduction of several modifications in(More)
The benefits shown by the recent introduction of PCR for the in vitro diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has prompted the development of standardized, ready-to-use assays that can be implemented in routine clinical laboratories. We have evaluated the clinical performance of COBAS AMPLICOR HCV (COBAS), the first instrument system that allows the(More)