Ruth Afonso

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SUMMARY More patients with less severe type biliary injury are being referred earlier to a specialist hepatobiliary unit. Most patients still have ineffective corrective surgery before transfer. Presented in part to the European Congress of the International Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary Association in Budapest, Hungary, May 1999 and published in abstract form(More)
BACKGROUND Trastuzumab improves survival outcomes in patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer. The Long-Her study was designed to identify clinical and molecular markers that could differentiate long-term survivors from patients having early progression after trastuzumab treatment. METHODS Data were collected from women with HER2-positive metastatic(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Recently, it has been found that about 40 % of patients with CRC have mutations in the K-RAS gene. Several clinical trials have showed that patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who present tumour-promoting mutations in signalling pathways involving the epidermal(More)
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide and bone metastases develop in approximately 30-40% of cases. Bisphosphonates are a key therapy for bone metastases; zoledronic acid is the only bisphosphonate with efficacy in preventing, reducing the incidence and delaying the onset of skeletal-related events controlling bone pain.(More)
INTRODUCTION Cancer patients may constitute a special risk group for the development of infective endocarditis (IE) because they are often subjected to invasive procedures. The aim of this study is to determine the differential clinical profile and prognosis of patients with IE and cancer. METHODS A retrospective observational study was conducted on all(More)
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