Ruth A Sabroe

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One-third of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) have circulating functional autoantibodies against the high affinity IgE receptor FcepsilonRI, or IgE. The intradermal injection of autologous serum causes a weal and flare reaction in many patients with CIU, and this reaction forms the basis of the autologous serum skin test (ASST). We have(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a Mendelian model of stroke, characterized by focal abnormalities in small intracranial blood vessels leading to hemorrhage and consequent strokes and/or seizures. A significant fraction of cases is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. Among Hispanic Americans, virtually all CCM is(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies defining the clinical features of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) were performed before the identification of functional autoantibodies against FcepsilonRI and/or IgE, now known to be present in approximately 30% of patients with CIU. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether there are differences between(More)
Injection of autologous serum collected during disease activity from some patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CU) into clinically normal skin elicits an immediate weal and flare response. This observation provides a convincing demonstration of a circulating factor or factors that may be relevant to the understanding of the pathogenesis and(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are used increasingly for the treatment of hypertension and chronic heart failure, and they reduce mortality when given after myocardial infarction. Of the patients prescribed these drugs 0.1-0.7% develop angio-oedema, but the association is not widely recognized. In 60% of cases the onset occurs during the(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating functional autoantibodies to the high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc(epsilon)RI) or to IgE have been found in approximately one third of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). OBJECTIVE We sought to compare basophil histamine release and basophil numbers in patients with CIU with and without autoantibodies. METHODS Basophil(More)
Chronic urticaria is a common condition that can be very disabling when severe. A cause for chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is only infrequently identified. Potential causes include reactions to food and drugs, infections (rarely) and, apart from an increased incidence of thyroid disease, uncomplicated urticaria is not usually associated with underlying(More)
It is now recognized that approximately one-third of patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) have histamine-releasing autoantibodies directed against either the high-affinity IgE receptor or, less frequently, against IgE. However, there are several unsolved problems relating to the role of such autoantibodies in the disease. Additionally, it is not(More)
Sweet's syndrome has a well-recognized association with malignancies, around half of which have been acute myelogenous leukaemia. There are also numerous reports of Sweet's syndrome in association with myelodysplasia. We report two patients with Sweet's syndrome in whom the classical histological appearances were preceded by dermal lymphocytic infiltrates.(More)
The development of naevus spilus-like hyperpigmentation at sites of resolving plaques of psoriasis has been reported previously. Although the mechanism is not understood, PUVA therapy has been implicated in most cases. We report an additional case in which lentigines, confined to sites of resolving psoriasis, occurred following oral PUVA. We also describe(More)