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OBJECTIVE This pilot study investigates the dissolution profile, tolerability, and acceptability of an orally disintegrating olanzapine tablet in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD Eleven patients with schizophrenia stabilized on oral olanzapine (mean dosage 12.7 mg daily [SD5.2]) were given an orally disintegrating olanzapine tablet, rather than their(More)
BACKGROUND The potential rehabilitative and protective effect of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) on penile function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to compare the efficacy of tadalafil 5mg once daily and tadalafil 20mg on demand versus placebo taken over 9 mo in improving(More)
This pilot longitudinal study using measures from parents and teachers evaluated the effects of flexible doses of atomoxetine (ATX) on neuropsychological and functional outcomes in 21 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (mean age, 8.0 +/- 1.3 years; inattentive subtype, 71.4%; combined subtype, 28.6%). Among 16 children completing(More)
Serial verbal learning task (explicit long-term memory) and verbal fluency (generation of a response) are tests that are usually severely impaired in schizophrenia. Despite the growing literature supporting the clinical efficacy of olanzapine, psychiatrists still question its cognitive consequences. This study assessed the efficacy of olanzapine on(More)
Neuroleptic-induced hyperprolactinemia (NIHP) has been a 'cost' of traditional antipsychotic therapy. Because all of the traditional neuroleptics are capable of elevating serum prolactin, clinicians have had to accept the implications of NIHP along with the antipsychotic's efficacy. Accordingly, the clinical consequences of NIHP have received limited(More)
The authors describe the case of a patient with treatment-resistant schizophrenia who became pregnant after switching from conventional neuroleptic medications to clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic medication that does not cause hyperprolactinemia. Gestational diabetes, possibly exacerbated by clozapine, complicated management of her pregnancy.(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to prospectively examine the effect of switching from risperidone to olanzapine on female schizophrenia patients who experienced menstrual disturbances, galactorrhea, and/or sexual dysfunction. METHOD Twenty female patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia who were taking risperidone and were suffering from menstrual(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy surrounds the relationship between tardive dyskinesia (TD) and symptoms of schizophrenia. While some studies reported that negative symptoms of schizophrenia may be a risk factor for TD, others reported a relationship between TD and positive symptoms. METHOD Eighty-four patients were studied, of whom 47 met criteria for TD. Clinical(More)
Violence and persistent aggression are serious problems in the general population and among certain psychiatric patients. Violence and persistent aggression have been associated with suicidal ideation and substance abuse, characteristics of chronically ill, and in many instances, treatment-resistant schizophrenia individuals. Assessment of dangerousness in(More)
Neuroleptic-induced hyperprolactinemia can cause menstrual disorders, impaired fertility, galactorrhea, and sexual dysfunction, as well as hypoestrogenism secondary to disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. The development of the prolactin-sparing atypical antipsychotic drugs offers prevention and resolution of these adverse reactions. Thus(More)