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BACKGROUND The clinical association of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) and Hirschsprung's disease (HD), although rare, has been previously observed. Recently, germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, a transmembrane receptor with tyrosine kinase activity, have been detected in patients with familial HD. RET is also the predisposition gene(More)
The RET proto-oncogene encodes a transmembrane receptor with tyrosine kinase activity. Germline mutations in RET are responsible for a number of inherited diseases. These include the dominantly inherited cancer syndromes multiple endocrine neoplasia types 2A and 2B (MEN 2A and MEN 2B) and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC), as well as some cases of(More)
RET proto-oncogene predisposing to multiple endocrine neoplasia type IIa (MEN-IIa) has allowed a DNA-based approach to diagnosis and treatment by prophylactic thyroidectomy in children testing genetically positive. Although total thyroidectomy is the accepted operation for C cell disease, the necessity of routine total parathyroidectomy and(More)
PURPOSE The association of the rare hereditary cancer syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2a (MEN 2a) with Hirschsprung's disease, both linked to germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, has been reported recently. With the widespread availability of genetic screening for MEN 2a, it is necessary to define the indications for genetic testing of(More)
The c-ret proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase which plays an important role in neural crest as well as kidney development. Genetic studies have demonstrated that germ line mutations in the ret oncogene are the direct cause of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2A and 2B, familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC), and Hirschsprung's disease.(More)
From November 1979 to July 1986, 52 patients (27 women and 25 men; median age 52 years) with advanced adrenocortical carcinoma entered a prospective, nonrandomized study evaluating moderate-dose mitotane and doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin). Thirty-two tumors (62%) were well differentiated and evidence of hormone production was present in 24 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations of the RET proto-oncogene co-segregate with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A. A rare sequence abnormality at codon 804 (c804) has been reported in 6 kindreds and linked to mild C-cell disease, which raises the question of the appropriateness of thyroidectomy in childhood. The purpose of this study was to (1) report the clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Recent identification of RET mutations in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) allows a DNA-based approach to diagnosis in lieu of calcitonin sampling. To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of mutational analysis, genetic screening was performed in 124 patients (53 male, 71 female; age, 1 month to 80 years) at risk for MEN 2A referred(More)
BACKGROUND Sixty-one patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A (27 men; 34 women; mean age, 39 years) from a single kindred (76 affected, 49 at risk) were followed 1 month to 33 years (median, 14 years) after diagnosis for disease expression. METHODS Peripheral basal and pentagastrin-stimulated calcitonin, parathyroid hormone, and calcium(More)