Rutger Larsson

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1 The pharmacokinetics of cimetidine and its sulphoxide metabolite was studied after a single intravenous dose of 200 mg cimetidine in nine patients with normal renal function and ten patients with severe renal failure on regular haemodialysis and during continuous oral cimetidine treatment in ten patients with normal renal function and 31 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking is an important risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney failure. Very high plasma nicotine concentrations have been reported in patients with severe kidney failure, indicating that the disposition of nicotine in these patients may be different. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal insufficiency is accompanied by specific alterations of the lipoprotein metabolism. It has been suggested that the renal dyslipoproteinaemia of renal insufficiency contributes to the progression of glomerular and tubular lesions, with subsequent deterioration of renal function. The objective of this prospective study was to(More)
In a severe case of chloral hydrate intoxication treated with combined hemodialysis and hemoperfusion the pharmacokinetics of the metabolites trichloroethanol (TCE), trichloroethanol glucuronide (TCE-Glu) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) were studied. Indications of delayed absorption and some slowing of metabolism were found. At a blood flow rate of 200(More)
The role of platelets in cardiovascular disease associated with smoking is becoming more established, but the effects of nicotine on platelets are unclear. Nicotine therapy is used for smoking cessation in both health and disease. Consequently, the effects of nicotine on platelets are of particular significance in disorders such as renal disease, which is(More)
The effect of a carbamate derivative of ferrocene as a prophylactic agent toward soman poisoning was studied in mice. A sixfold decrease of the acute toxicity (24-hr LD50) of soman was obtained when the carbamate (5.5 mg/kg = 1/30 X LD50) was given intraperitoneally 30 min before soman. In this experiment atropine (20 mg/kg ip) was given 10 min before soman(More)
To test the accuracy of urea kinetic modeling (UKM), the classic fixed-volume model UKMf, two variable-volume models (UKMvb and UKMvd), direct dialysis quantification (DDQ) and a partial dialysate collection method (PDC) were evaluated in 15 stable, high-hematocrit patients. Urea generation rate (G) was also determined from a 1-week collection of total(More)
BACKGROUND Novel peritoneal dialysis solutions are characterized by a minimal content of glucose degradation products and a neutral pH. Many studies have shown the biocompatibility of neutral lactate-buffered solutions; however, until now, the effect of purely bicarbonate-buffered solutions has not been intensively studied in vivo. METHODS This study was(More)
A newly developed autoinjector (Astra Tech, Sweden) containing 500 mg HI-6 and 2 mg atropine sulphate was tested in anaesthetized normal pigs. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the drugs after administration by the autoinjector were compared with those after conventional needle and syringe delivery intramuscularly and intravenously.(More)