A coarse description of a set A ⊆ ω is a set D ⊆ ω such that the symmetric difference of A and D has asymptotic density 0. We study the extent to which noncomputable information can be effectively recovered from all coarse descriptions of a given set A, especially when A is effectively random in some sense. We show that if A is 1-random and B is computable… (More)
We prove that a real x is 1-generic if and only if every differentiable computable function has continuous derivative at x. This provides a counterpart to recent results connecting effective notions of randomness with differentiability. We also consider multiply differentiable computable functions and polynomial time computable functions.
Skvortsova showed that there is a factor of the Medvedev lattice which captures intuitionistic propositional logic (IPC). However, her factor is unnatural in the sense that it is constructed in an ad hoc manner. We present a more natural example of such a factor. We also show that the theory of every non-trivial factor of the Medvedev lattice is contained… (More)
We give natural examples of factors of the Muchnik lattice which capture intuitionistic propositional logic (IPC), arising from the concepts of lowness, 1-genericity, hyperimmune-freeness and computable traceability. This provides a purely computational semantics for IPC.
We consider the complexity of satisfiability in ε-logic, a probability logic. We show that for the relational fragment this problem is Σ 1 1-complete for rational ε ∈ (0, 1), answering a question by Terwijn. In contrast, we show that satisfiability in 0-logic is decidable. The methods we employ to prove this fact also allow us to show that 0-logic is… (More)
Kolmogorov introduced an informal calculus of problems in an attempt to provide a classical semantics for intuitionistic logic. This was later formalised by Medvedev and Muchnik as what has come to be called the Medvedev and Muchnik lattices. However, they only formalised this for propositional logic, while Kolmogorov also discussed the universal… (More)