Rutger Jan van der Gaag

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Although it has frequently been reported that hyperactive children have abnormally small P3 amplitudes of the event-related potential (ERP), which are normalized by the stimulant drug methylphenidate (MPH), the literature is inconsistent concerning earlier ERP waves. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the normalizing effect of a 10-mg(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the pattern of individual responses to to methylphenidate (MPH) in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and to examine factors that predict drug response. METHOD Individual drug response was defined on the basis of changes on the Abbreviated Conners Rating Scales completed by parents and teachers. These scales were(More)
Autism is an extensively studied disorder in which the gender disparity in prevalence has received much attention. In contrast, only a few studies examine gender differences in symptomatology. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 22 peer reviewed original publications examines gender differences in the core triad of impairments in autism. Gender(More)
It has frequently been reported that in so-called oddball tasks, children with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADDH) show small P3 peaks of the event-related potential (ERP) in response to "targets" (task-relevant deviant stimuli) than normal children. It is not clear, however, whether this smaller P3 is due to abnormal processing of(More)
The hypothesis was tested that weak theory of mind (ToM) and/or emotion recognition (ER) abilities are specific to subjects with autism. Differences in ToM and ER performance were examined between autistic (n = 20), pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) (n = 20), psychiatric control (n = 20), and normal children (n = 20). The(More)
This study aimed to explore the boundaries between PDD and related disorders and to develop classificatory algorithms for what is currently called Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS). Data collected by means of a standard coding system for the DSM-IV field trial for autistic disorder were used. Information on diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary aim of the study was to ascertain the usefulness and the validity of the set of criteria proposed to define a subgroup within the DSM-III-R category of pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified under the name of multiple complex developmental disorder (MCDD). METHOD A multivariate analysis (cluster and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported abnormal functional connectivity patterns in the brains of people with autism that may be accompanied by decreases in white matter integrity. Since autism is a developmental disorder, we aim to investigate the nature and location of decreases in white and grey matter integrity in an adolescent sample while accounting(More)
Children diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger Syndrome (AS) may be characterised by a similar perceptual focus on details as children with autistic disorder (AD). This was tested by analysing their performance in a visuoperceptual task [the Children's Embedded Figure Test (CEFT)] and a graphic(More)
Language in high-functioning autism is characterized by pragmatic and semantic deficits, and people with autism have a reduced tendency to integrate information. Because the left and right inferior frontal (LIF and RIF) regions are implicated with integration of speaker information, world knowledge, and semantic knowledge, we hypothesized that abnormal(More)