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To evaluate the mechanism of the abnormal motion of the interventricular septum (IVS) seen echocardiographically in some patients with relatively delayed ventricular activation, we simultaneously recorded high-fidelity left and right ventricular pressures and electrograms and echocardiograms of the IVS in nine open-chest dogs. During sinus rhythm and during(More)
Proton NMR methods can monitor mobile lipids (e.g., fatty acids and glycerides) in intact tissue. Lipids play a major role in cardiac energy production, and elevated levels of myocardial lipids have been reported following an ischemic insult. The present study examines the potential of high-resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy to monitor lipid alterations 24 h(More)
Abnormal cardiac energy metabolism has been postulated as a mechanism for adriamycin induced cardiotoxicity. This study was designed to determine high energy phosphate stores at rest and with hemodynamic stress in perfused rat hearts after animals had been chronically exposed to adriamycin (2 mg/kg weekly for 14 weeks). Morphologic and hemodynamic changes(More)
Compression of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) is associated with pain in the upper extremity and back. Even though entrapment of the DSN within the middle scalene muscle is typically the primary cause of pain, it is still easily missed during diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to document the DSN's anatomy and measure the oblique course it takes with(More)
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