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Protein degradation is a basic cell process that operates in general protein turnover or to produce bioactive peptides. However, very little is known about the qualitative and quantitative composition of a plant cell peptidome, the actual result of this degradation. In this study we comprehensively analyzed a plant cell peptidome and systematically analyzed(More)
Neuronal activity of the medial septal area was recorded extracellularly in brain slices taken from hibernating (winter) and waking (summer) ground squirrels. The effects of neuropeptides identified in the brain tissue of hibernators (Thr-Ser-Lys-Tyr, Thr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Arg and Asp-Tyr) on the background activity and responses to electrical stimulation of the(More)
alpha-Conotoxins interact with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and acetylcholine-binding proteins (AChBPs) at the sites for agonists/competitive antagonists. alpha-Conotoxins blocking muscle-type or alpha7 nAChRs compete with alpha-bungarotoxin. However, alpha-conotoxin ImII, a close homolog of the alpha7 nAChR-targeting alpha-conotoxin ImI,(More)
Venoms of most Russian viper species are poorly characterized. Here, by quantitative chromato-mass-spectrometry, we analyzed protein and peptide compositions of venoms from four Vipera species (V. kaznakovi, V. renardi, V. orlovi and V. nikolskii) inhabiting different regions of Russia. In all these species, the main components were phospholipases A₂, their(More)
Differential diagnosis of bacterial and viral meningitis is an urgent problem of the modern clinical medicine. Early and accurate detection of meningitis etiology largely determines the strategy of its treatment and significantly increases the likelihood of a favorable outcome for the patient. In the present work, we analyzed the peptidome and cytokine(More)
Serum samples (33 healthy women, 34 ovarian cancer, 28 colorectal cancer, 34 syphilis patients and 136 patients with various benign gynecological diseases) were analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS peptide profiling and respective predictive models were generated by genetic and supervised neural network algorithms. Classification models for pathology versus healthy(More)
53 Kraits (genus Bungarus) belong to the family Elapp idae and are spread in South and Southeast Asia. Venn oms of kraits have primarily neurotoxic effects and have been studied in sufficient detail. In particular, different neurotoxins have been identified in them, including αneurotoxins (the most welllknown of which is αbungarotoxin), κbungarotoxin, and(More)
Nonconventional three-finger toxin BMLCL was isolated from B. multicinctus venom, and its interaction with different subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) was studied. It was found that BMLCL is able to interact with high efficiency with both α7 and muscle type nAChRs.
The effects of the peptides TSKYR and DY isolated from the brain of hibernating ground squirrels on Ca2+ current were studied. TSKYR activated Ca2+ current in frog auricle fibers and in single cells from frog ventricle whereas DY blocked Ca2+ current in both preparations. In isolated rat and ground squirrel cardiocytes, TSKYR had no effect on Ca2+ current,(More)
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