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The relative roles of blood cell products and plasma factors on endothelial cell proliferation were evaluated by studying the proliferative response of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to cell free plasma derived serum (CFPDS), whole blood serum (WBS), platelet released factors, fibroblast growth factor and macrophage conditioned medium in vitro.(More)
Reorganization of corticospinal pathways after spinal cord injury and amputations leads to increased excitability of motor pathways targeting muscles proximal to the level of interruption of efferents from the CNS. To study the timing of these changes, we have recorded motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the arm muscles of three normal subjects before,(More)
Despite recommended preoperative preparation with alpha-adrenergic blockers, severe hemodynamic instability may occur during operations to resect pheochromocytoma. We combined the alpha-blocker phenoxybenzamine with the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor metyrosine in an attempt to better manage the hypertension of patients with pheochromocytoma undergoing(More)
A diffusion model describing the propagation of photon flux in the epidermal, dermal, and subcutaneous tissue layers of the skin is presented. Assuming that the skin is illuminated by a collimated, finite-aperture source, we develop expressions relating photon flux density within the skin and intensities re-emitted from the skin surface to the optical(More)
An adjustable length tracheostomy tube, Bivona, which assumes a curve on insertion, has a tendency to straighten itself in situ. The straightening force, measured electronically, was maximal (0.21 Newton) when a tube was bent 90 degrees. We observed particular clinical disadvantages of these tubes--that of tracheal ulceration (1 case), distortion of soft(More)
To examine the response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to severe surgical stress, we measured the immunoreactive plasma levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), corticotropin, cortisol, arginine-vasopressin (AVP), atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), neuropeptide Y (NPY), interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, interferon gamma (INF), and tumor(More)
The effects of 2, 10, and 20 mg of sodium cromoglycate delivered by aerosol were compared with those of placebo in a double blind study in 11 patients with extrinsic and exercise induced asthma. The effect of nebulised sodium cromoglycate delivered through a Wright nebuliser (estimated dose 12 mg) was also studied. Patients exercised on a treadmill for six(More)
Plasma sodium cromoglycate (SCG) concentrations were measured in 11 patients at regular intervals before and after exercise in a double-blind study to assess the protective effect in exercise-induced asthma (EIA) of 2, 10 and 20 mg SCG aerosol and placebo, and (on an open basis) nebulised SCG (10 g l-1). There was a dose related increase in plasma(More)