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Regulatory B cells control inflammation and autoimmunity in mice, including the recently identified IL-10-competent B10 cell subset that represents 1% to 3% of spleen B cells. In this study, a comparable IL-10-competent B10 cell subset was characterized in human blood. B10 cells were functionally identified by their ability to express cytoplasmic IL-10(More)
The mechanisms that lead to the development of skin lesions in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) are not known. We hypothesized that an ongoing immune response in the gut of patients with DH would result in an increase in circulating cytokines and be associated with endothelial cell activation, creating a proinflammatory environment in the skin.(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF) are autoimmune skin diseases caused by autoantibodies against desmoglein (Dsg) 3 and Dsg1, respectively. Routine immunofluorescence testing of skin and serum from patients cannot distinguish between these two severe diseases since both have IgG Abs directed against keratinocyte cell surfaces. In this(More)
Apoptosis is typically considered an anti-oncogenic process since caspase activation can promote the elimination of genetically unstable or damaged cells. We report that a central effector of apoptosis, caspase-3, facilitates rather than suppresses chemical- and radiation-induced genetic instability and carcinogenesis. We found that a significant fraction(More)
Patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) have a gluten-sensitive enteropathy and while on gluten-containing diets have elevated levels of serum IL-8. We hypothesized that the mucosal immune response to gluten is responsible for the elevated serum IL-8. Six DH patients were studied while on a gluten-free diet (GFD), whereas four continued on a normal(More)
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an autoimmune blistering skin disease in which antigen presentation in the gastrointestinal mucosa results in cutaneous IgA deposition and distinct, neutrophil-driven cutaneous lesions. Our findings suggest that the qualitatively different immune response to gluten in the intestinal mucosa of patients with DH results in(More)
BACKGROUND Dermoscopy alone is not sufficient to detect all early melanomas. Total body photos reveal growth of melanomas but also reveal growth of melanocytic nevi. OBJECTIVE We set out to determine whether a simplified algorithm on the basis of nonuniform dermoscopic features combined with growth noted from baseline total body photos targeted the early(More)
The aim of this study was to assess satisfaction with and acceptance of a store and forward teledermatology consult system among patients, referring primary-care clinicians, and consultant dermatologists. As part of a randomized clinical trial that compared the clinical and economic outcomes of store and forward teledermatology to a conventional referral(More)
Our objective was to assess the economic impact of store-and-forward teledermatology in a United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care setting. Patients being referred to the Dermatology Consult Service from the Primary Care Clinics at the Durham, North Carolina VA Medical Center were randomized either to usual care or to a teledermatology(More)
Deregulation of the activator protein 1 (AP1) family gene regulators has been implicated in a wide range of diseases, including cancer. In this study we report that c-Jun was activated in human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and coexpression of c-Jun with oncogenic Ras was sufficient to transform primary human epidermal cells into malignancy in a regenerated(More)