Russell McLean

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Slow growth has been hypothesized to be an essential aspect of bacterial physiology within biofilms. In order to test this hypothesis, we employed two strains of Escherichia coli, ZK126 (DeltalacZ rpoS(+)) and its isogenic DeltarpoS derivative, ZK1000. These strains were grown at two rates (0.033 and 0.0083 h(-1)) in a glucose-limited chemostat which was(More)
Urease activity is a physiological function of many bacteria that enables these organisms to utilize urea as a source of nitrogen. The association of ureolytic bacteria with human or animal hosts varies widely from a commensal relationship as demonstrated with skin microflora, a symbiotic relationship in the gastrointestinal tract, to a pathogenic(More)
Direct molecular and morphological techniques of modern microbiology were used to monitor the sequential development of bacterial microcolonies and biofilms in a rat model of urinary infection and to demonstrate that the urease activity of the infecting organisms sets in course a series of reactions in which struvite and apatite crystals develop within the(More)
The metal-binding affinity of the anionic poly-gamma-d-glutamyl capsule of Bacillus licheniformis was investigated by using Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, and Cu. Purified capsule was suspended in various concentrations of the chloride salts of the various metals, and after dialysis the bound metals were analyzed either by graphite furnace atomic(More)
A ureolytic strain of Proteus mirabilis, isolated from a patient with infectious kidney stones, produced struvite (MgNH4PO4 X 6 H2O) and apatite [Ca10(PO4)6CO3] crystals in vitro when grown in artificial urine. Surface-attached crystals were encased in a slime-like layer. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that surfaces submerged in the artificial urine(More)
An Escherichia coli K-12 biofilm was grown at a dilution rate of 0.028 h(-1) for 48 h in a glucose-limited chemostat coupled to a modified Robbins' device to determine its susceptibility to infection by bacteriophage T4. Bacteriophage T4 at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10 caused a log reduction in biofilm density (expressed as colony forming units(More)
Proteus mirabilis biofilm formation, struvite (MgNH4PO4.6H2O) crystal formation and dissolution in an artificial urine mixture were monitored using computer-enhanced microscopy (CEM) and a 1 x 3 mm. glass flow cell. Image analysis showed that P. mirabilis biofilm formation did not occur to any extent at macroenvironment flow rates greater than two mL/h(More)
We have clarified growth conditions and isolation strategies for the nonagglutinating fimbriae from Proteus mirabilis. Nonagglutinating fimbriae were expressed by all P. mirabilis strains we examined, and the major subunit proteins, which ranged from 23 to 29 kDa as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, had highly(More)
Strains B-385-1 and 2-33 are numerically important components rumen bacterial populations , but they have remained (taxonomically) undefined. In spite of some resemblance to Selenomonas ruminantium in their cell size and in their formation of tufts of flagella, they more closely resemble Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in the subpolar location of their flagella,(More)
Struvite stones are formed as the result of urinary tract infection by urease-producing bacteria. Ultrastructural examination of calculi removed from a patient revealed bacteria incorporated throughout the stone matrix. Exopolysaccharide stained by ruthenium red was associated with most of the bacteria, but it represented only a small portion of the organic(More)