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Previous underwater recordings made in New Zealand have identified a complex sequence of low frequency sounds that have been attributed to blue whales based on similarity to blue whale songs in other areas. Recordings of sounds with these characteristics were made opportunistically during the Southern Ocean Research Partnership's recent Antarctic Blue Whale(More)
Sea surface temperature (SST) time-series from the southwest Atlantic and the El Niño 4 region in the western Pacific were compared to an index of annual calving success of the southern right whale (Eubalaena australis) breeding in Argentina. There was a strong relationship between right whale calving output and SST anomalies at South Georgia in the autumn(More)
Universities receiving upwards of £1 billion (US$1.6 billion) in total annually from UK medical research charities would probably disagree that their benefactors are ‘hijacking’ university resources (Nature 481, 260; 2012). The UK government supports charity-funded research as part of its higher-education funding. This enables charitable funds, often(More)
The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is currently engaged in an intensive negotiating process in an attempt to resolve international disputes about whaling. The IWC has pioneered and agreed a management procedure approach for setting catch limits for commercial whaling that was unanimously recommended by its Scientific Committee. It is disturbing that(More)
The song of Antarctic blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia) comprises repeated, stereotyped, low-frequency calls. Measurements of these calls from recordings spanning many years have revealed a long-term linear decline as well as an intra-annual pattern in tonal frequency. While a number of hypotheses for this long-term decline have been(More)
Surveys were conducted off the southern coast of Sri Lanka during February to April 2014 in order to investigate the distribution patterns of blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in relation to current shipping lanes and further offshore. There have been several reported ship strikes of blue whales in this area and the IWC Scientific Committee has recognised(More)
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires European member states to develop strategies for their marine waters leading to programs of measures that achieve or maintain good environmental status (GES) in all European seas by 2020. An essential step toward reaching GES is the establishment of monitoring programs, enabling the state of marine(More)
CHINA’S SOIL POLLUTION IS MUCH WORSE THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT (“CHINA GETS SERIous about its pollutant-laden soil,” C. Larson, News & Analysis, 28 March, p. 1415). A report released on 17 April admitted that 16.1% of the Chinese soil was polluted, including 19.4% of farmland, 10.0% of forest land, 10.4% of grassland, and 11.4% of unused land (1). Of the(More)
Simultaneous sightings and acoustic detections of sei whales (Balaenoptera borealis) are scarce, and there are few published data describing their vocalizations. Analysis of recordings from directional frequency analysis and recording sonobuoys in the presence of sei whales in the Southern Ocean in March 2013 identified both downsweep and upsweep calls.(More)
A survey using line-transect techniques was conducted during two winters providing the first estimates of common dolphin, Delphinus delphis, abundance (number of dolphins) on winter pelagic trawl fishing grounds in the English Channel. Independent teams of observers searched with binoculars or naked eye. These methods were intended to allow for the(More)