Russell L Dills

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A urinary assay for methoxyphenols was developed for the biological monitoring of wood smoke exposure. Methoxyphenols in 10-ml samples of urine were extracted after acid hydrolysis using XAD in a solid-phase extraction cartridge. The methoxyphenols were eluted with ethyl acetate and then analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Specific chemicals(More)
A microanalytical method suitable for the quantitative determination of the sugar anhydride levoglucosan in low-volume samples of atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM) has been developed and validated. The method incorporates two sugar anhydrides as quality control standards. The recovery standard sedoheptulosan (2,7-anhydro-beta-D-altro-heptulopyranose)(More)
1. To examine the bioequivalence of an isotope-labelled tracer to study toxicant disposition, we conducted 33 controlled human exposures to a mixture of 50 ppm 1H8-toluene and 50 ppm 2H8-toluene for 2 h, and measured concentrations in blood and breath, and metabolite levels in urine for 100 h post-exposure. 2. A physiologically based kinetic (PBK) model(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether gadolinium (Gd) is deposited in brain and bone tissues in patients receiving only non-Group 1 agents, either macrocyclic or linear protein interacting Gd-based contrast agents, with normal renal function. Group 1 agents are linear agents most associated with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis that the(More)
BACKGROUND Determining arsenic exposure in groups based on geographic location, dietary behaviors, or lifestyles is important, as even moderate exposures may lead to health concerns. OBJECTIVES/METHODS The Korean community in Washington State, represents a group warranting investigation, as they consume foods (e.g., shellfish, rice, finfish, and seaweed)(More)
Phthalates are associated with a variety of health outcomes, but sources that may be targeted for exposure reduction messaging remain elusive. Diet is considered a significant exposure pathway for these compounds. Therefore, we sought to identify primary foods associated with increased exposure through a review of the food monitoring survey and(More)
Following reports of high cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of monomethyl arsonous acid (MMA(III)) and early reports of urinary MMA(III) in arsenic-exposed individuals, MMA(III) has often been included in population studies. Use of urinary MMA(III) as an indicator of exposure and/or health risk is challenged by inconsistent results from field studies and(More)
A rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for quantitation of picomole levels of glutathione, glutathione disulfide, cysteine, cystine, cysteinylglycine, cysteinylglycine disulfide and cysteine glutathione-mixed disulfide in biological samples is described. The compounds were separated isocratically on a reversed-phase column by(More)
A cross sectional study of biological markers of neurochemical function in peripheral blood cells, and self reported nervous system symptoms, was conducted among 60 workers exposed to styrene in three reinforced plastics plants and 18 reference workers not exposed to styrene or other solvents. Concentrations of styrene in the air at the plants ranged from(More)
Recent applications of physiologically band toxicokinetic (PBTK) models have used animal to human scaling, the hypothetical average man, and Monte Carlo techniques to estimate human exposure to toxicants. Our study built a PBTK model suitable for person-specific dosimetry. Individual measurements of age, ventilation rate, blood/air partition coefficient,(More)