Learn More
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major structural component of the outer wall of Gram-negative bacteria, is a potent initiator of an inflammatory response and serves as an indicator of bacterial infection. Although CD14 has been identified as the main LPS receptor, accumulating evidence has suggested the possible existence of other functional(More)
Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates phagocytic leukocytes by interacting with the cell surface protein CD14. Cellular responses to LPS are markedly potentiated by the LPS-binding protein (LBP), a lipid-transfer protein that binds LPS aggregates and transfers LPS monomers to CD14. LBP also transfers LPS to lipoproteins, thereby(More)
Although CD14 has been implicated in the immune recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria and also peptidoglycan (PGN) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from the outer cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria, accumulating evidence has suggested the possible existence of other functional receptor(s). In this study, we have used(More)
We have examined the sequence elements and corresponding DNA-binding factors required for transient expression of the A alpha d promoter fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene in a variety of cultured cell lines. Deletion analysis demonstrated that only about 110 nucleotides of sequence 5' of the transcription start site are(More)
Blood-borne lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is thought to be a major inducer of sepsis; however, it remains controversial whether an ongoing exposure to LPS is required to maintain the underlying systemic inflammatory response. To address this question, we have studied the expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 beta), and(More)
The class II genes of the mouse MHC encode four polypeptide chains that are expressed as two heterodimers, the Ac A0 and the EaEf molecules, on a restricted number ofcell types. On thymic epithelial and dendritic cells, expression of the class II (Ia) molecules is necessary for normal T cell maturation, and in the periphery, cells expressing these molecules(More)
Bacterial cell wall components, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and peptidoglycan (PGN) are known to stimulate cells of the immune, inflammatory and vascular systems contributing to septic shock. CD14 has been identified as the main LPS receptor, a process that is accelerated by the serum protein LPS-binding protein (LBP). CD14 has also(More)
Addition of short sequences of dCMP residues to the 3'-OH end of duplex linear DNAs allows rapid and efficient transcription to be initiated at these sites by purified mammalian RNA polymerase II [Kadesch, T. R., & Chamberlin, M. J. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 5286-5295]. The use of such tailed DNA templates should allow biochemical studies on transcription(More)
In this report, we have demonstrated that IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha increase expression of both the I-A and I-E region gene products on the surface of the myelomonocytic cell line WEHI-3, and that they mediate this increase via an increase in A alpha transcription. Constructs containing 5' deletion mutations of the A alpha promoter attached to the bacterial(More)