Russell Jennings

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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who have a "poor prognosis" with postnatal treatment now can be identified on the basis of liver herniation, early diagnosis (before 25 weeks' gestation) and a low lung-to-head ratio (LHR). Because complete in utero repair proved unsuccessful for this group, the strategy of temporary(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate prenatal prediction of outcome for fetuses who have congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is very difficult. The authors previously reported a retrospective analysis of risk factors for fetal CDH and proposed a new index of severity: the lung-to-head ratio (LHR). The authors now report a prospective study to test whether this new index(More)
BACKGROUND Preventing the progression of fetal aortic stenosis (AS) to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) requires identification of fetuses with salvageable left hearts who would progress to HLHS if left untreated, a successful in utero valvotomy, and demonstration that a successful valvotomy promotes left heart growth in utero. Fetuses meeting the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Vascular anomalies are diagnosed prenatally with increasing frequency. The authors reviewed a group of children treated at their center who had an abnormal prenatal diagnosis to determine (1) fetal age at which the vascular anomaly was detected, (2) general diagnostic accuracy, and (3) impact on ante- and postnatal care. Their findings(More)
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), intralobar sequestration (ILS), extralobar sequestration (ELS), and lobar emphysema (LE) are well-accepted entities; however, certain findings are common to all, particularly the parenchymal maldevelopment characterizing CCAM. Isolated reports have described bronchial atresia (BA) in some specimens in all 4(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition associated with significant mortality. This study examines the survival rate of neonates with CDH treated by a multidisciplinary team in a single pediatric hospital. Actual survival rate is compared with predicted outcome based on severity of illness. METHODS A consecutive series of(More)
PURPOSE This study was aimed at determining whether different congenital lung masses represent diverse manifestations of a single developmental abnormality associated with fetal airway obstruction. METHODS We conducted a 3-year retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical resection of a prenatally diagnosed lung mass. Prenatal imaging was used(More)
PURPOSE This study was aimed at determining whether a new method of analyzing lung volumes on fetal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging could be used to predict the degree of pulmonary compromise in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS Seventeen fetuses with CDH were prospectively evaluated by MR. Lung volumes were measured using an established(More)
BACKGROUND Infants born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and an intact or highly restrictive atrial septum face a neonatal mortality of at least 48% despite early postnatal left atrial decompression and palliative surgery. Prenatal left atrial decompression has been suggested as a means of improving these outcomes. This study reports the feasibility of(More)
Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft is a very rare congenital malformation characterized by a long midline communication between the esophagus and trachea extending from the larynx down the trachea for a variable distance. The most common repair strategy involves separation of the trachea and esophagus by a lateral approach via both a thoracotomy and a neck(More)