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Pre-eclampsia is a principal cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, affecting 5-10% of first pregnancies worldwide. Manifestations include increased blood pressure, proteinuria, coagulopathy and peripheral and cerebral oedema. Although the aetiology and pathogenesis remain to be elucidated, the placenta is undoubtedly involved, as termination of(More)
Although the lack of ACTH releasing activity of the high peripheral plasma levels of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) of human placental origin can now be accounted for by the action of a specific sequestering plasma binding protein (pBP), there are many regions of the brain where the BP is found with little or no overlap with CRF. The existence of a(More)
The adrenal gland requires stimuli from peptides derived from the ACTH precursor, pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), to maintain its tonic state. Studies have proposed that a specific postsecretional cleavage of the nonmitogenic N-terminal 16 kDa fragment, also known as pro-gamma-melanotropin (pro-gamma-MSH), is required, releasing shorter fragments that promote(More)
Tachykinin dogma has assumed, so far, that neurokinin B (NKB) is a neuropeptide that is not produced in any peripheral tissue even though its endogenous receptor, NK3, has been found in a number of locations throughout the human body. We have found an abundant source of peripheral NKB in the human and rat placenta. In this review we describe the discovery(More)
Previously the function of hormone binding proteins has been viewed entirely as one of either sequestering ligand activity or of delivering ligand to target tissues. However, some binding proteins have the ability when complexed with ligand to interact directly with target tissues and can undergo considerable post-translational and post-secretional(More)
This paper describes studies of a series of macrocyclic β-sheet peptides 1 that inhibit the aggregation of a tau-protein-derived peptide. The macrocyclic β-sheet peptides comprise a pentapeptide "upper" strand, two δ-linked ornithine turn units, and a "lower" strand comprising two additional residues and the β-sheet peptidomimetic template "Hao". The(More)
Placental neurokinin B appears to be post-translationally modified by phosphocholine (PC) attached to the aspartyl side chain at residue 4 of the mature peptide. Corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) was found to be expressed by the rat placenta with the main secreted forms being phosphocholinated proCRF+/- one or two polysaccharide moieties. A combination(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been shown to have a central role in physiological adaptation to stress. It is recognized for stimulating the release of adrenocorticotropin from the anterior pituitary gland, and has more recently been implicated as a regulator of autonomic and immunological responses to stress. Much confusion has surrounded the(More)
We report here that histones and certain related preparations generate a consistent interference with radioimmuno (RIA), immunoradiometric (IRMA), and enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assays for a number of peptide hormones. Histones H1, H2A, H2B, H3, HIIA, HIIS, protamine, and the related preparations homeostatic thymus hormone and peptide MB35(More)
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