Russell J. Howard

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Plasmodium falciparum-infected human erythrocytes evade host immunity by expression of a cell-surface variant antigen and receptors for adherence to endothelial cells. These properties have been ascribed to P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), an antigenically diverse malarial protein of 200-350 kDa on the surface of parasitized(More)
The profound changes in the morphology, antigenicity, and functional properties of the host erythrocyte membrane induced by intraerythrocytic parasites of the human malaria Plasmodium falciparum are poorly understood at the molecular level. We have used mouse mAbs to identify a very large malarial protein (Mr •300,000) that is exported from the parasite and(More)
The effects of methyl benzimidazole-2-ylcarbamate (MBC), one of only a few agents that are active against microtubules of fungi, were analyzed at the ultrastructural level in freeze-substituted hyphal tip cells of Fusarium acuminatum. Nontreated and control cells had numerous microtubules throughout. After just 10 min of exposure to MBC, almost no(More)
A set of n-(9-anthroyloxy) fatty acids (n = 2, 6, 9, 12, 16) have been used as fluorescent probes to examine the lipid environment at different depths in the outer membrane of normal mouse erythrocytes and red blood cells from Plasmodium berghei-infected blood. Fluorescent polarization experiments with normal mouse erythrocytes have demonstrated a typical(More)
Adherence of erythrocytes to vascular endothelium likely contributes to the pathophysiology of episodic vascular occlusion in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). In addition, coagulation activation has been reported in sickle patients during complications such as pain episodes. To test the hypothesis that platelet activation contributes to sickle(More)
The intestinal changes brought about by rejection of Trichinella spiralis from mice were studied in relation to their effects on a concurrent infection with Hymenolepis microstoma, a cestode not normally rejected from mice. The rejection phase of T. spiralis was associated with a marked stunting of growth of H. microstoma given just before, during, or just(More)
The topography of the external surface of the Balb/c mouse erythrocyte has been investigated and compared to the human erythrocyte by using a series of protein radiolabeling probes. After sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the pattern of Coomassie Blue stained proteins was very similar for mouse and human erythrocyte ghosts, as was(More)