Russell G. Richards

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Carbon fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone (CF/PEEK) is a thermoplastic composite biomaterial exhibiting properties suitable for load-bearing orthopedic implants. However, the hydrophobic surface of CF/PEEK implants induces the deposition of a peri-implant fibrous tissue capsule preventing bone apposition. However, if bone apposition was improved, the use(More)
The aim of this study was assessing whether trace metal bioaccumulation models for oysters need to account for the effect of size-structured demography. To achieve this, we used a Bayesian generalised additive mixed modelling (BGAMM) approach. This nonparametric regression approach allowed us to estimate potentially nonlinear size effects of the oysters as(More)
Bioaccumulation models are an important and widely-used tool for assessing ecosystem health with regards to heavy metal contamination. However, these models do not usually account for the potentially significant effect of temperature-dependency in metal uptake. In this study, we explored the role of temperature-dependency in heavy metal bioaccumulation by(More)
An on-going challenge for decision makers is the interpretation of temporal trends from monitoring data given that environmental processes often generate complex data that are multivariate and potentially nonlinear. Generalized additive models (GAMs) is a wellsuited modelling framework for uncovering such trends and unifying datasets. This approach allows(More)
Heavy metal bioaccumulation models are important for interpreting water quality data, predicting bioaccumulation in organisms, and investigating the provenance of contaminants. To date they have been predominantly used as single-issue models, under steady-state conditions and in isolation of the biogeochemical processes that control metal bioaccumulation.(More)
Introduction: The success of an orthopaedic implant depends on several factors, such as implant material properties, design and fixation technique as well as bone apposition around the implant. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a composite thermoplastic biomaterial exhibiting biochemical and biomechanical properties suitable for load-bearing orthopaedic(More)
Introduction: Fracture of the tibial and femoral diaphysis constitutes approximately 7% of fractures occurring in children1. Such fractures are commonly repaired by intra-medullary nailing. While removal of implanted nails is often routinely performed after fracture healing it is not always without complication, often due to difficulty or inability to(More)
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