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Injury to the posterolateral structures of the knee, including the popliteus tendon and arcuate complex, frequently results in poorly understood patterns of instability. To evaluate the static function of these tissues, we used a mechanical testing apparatus that allowed five degrees of freedom to test seventeen specimens from human cadavera at angles of(More)
BACKGROUND Microfracture is a frequently used technique for the repair of articular cartilage lesions of the knee. Despite the popularity of the technique, prospective information about the clinical results after microfracture is still limited. The purpose of our study was to identify the factors that affect the clinical outcome from this cartilage repair(More)
Recognition of pathogens by plants is mediated by several distinct families of functionally variable but structurally related disease resistance (R) genes. The largest family is defined by the presence of a putative nucleotide binding domain and 12 to 21 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). The function of these LRRs has not been defined, but they are speculated to(More)
We studied the gross, histological, and vascular anatomy of the glenoid labrum in twenty-three fresh-frozen shoulders from cadavera to demonstrate its cross-sectional anatomy, its microvascularity, and its attachments. The superior and anterosuperior portions of the labrum are loosely attached to the glenoid, and the macro-anatomy of those portions is(More)
We reviewed 52 patients who underwent primary surgical repair of their acutely injured ACL using a multiple loop, varying depth suture technique. The average followup was 6 years and 10 months. Nine patients (17%) were considered as having failed repairs, with failure based on the presence of clinical instability (giving way) with sports participation and a(More)
ACL insufficiency can be documented clinically with the pivot shift maneuver, but the specific pathologic kinematics of the pivot shift is difficult to quantify. Navigation provides an opportunity to analyze in vivo the motions that comprise the pivot shift and the kinematic changes that are inherent after ACL reconstruction. We hypothesized that tibial(More)
The normal vascular anatomy of the menisci was investigated in five dogs by histology and tissue-clearing (Spalteholz) techniques. The vessels were found to originate in the perimeniscal capsular and synovial tissues and penetrate the peripheral 25% of the meniscal tissues. The vascular response to complete midportion transection of the medial meniscus was(More)
Twenty-four patients who had posterior subluxation of the glenohumeral joint were assigned to one of two groups on the basis of the severity of the symptoms. The sixteen patients in Group I, who had less severe symptoms, were treated with a physical therapy program that was based on exercises to strengthen muscles. The eleven patients in Group II (three of(More)
We used an in vitro knee-testing apparatus to measure anterior-posterior displacement of the tibia on the femur and the accompanying tibial rotation in response to an applied anterior-posterior force. Testing was performed on nine intact knees, on five knees after medial meniscectomy, on three knees after isolated section of the anterior cruciate ligament,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the incidence of associated injuries and meniscal tears in children and adolescents with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, we performed a retrospective review of patients, age 14 and younger, who were treated surgically at our institution. TYPE OF STUDY Retrospective review. METHODS We reviewed 39 patients (30 girls, 9 boys)(More)