Russell E. Connally

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Fluorescent immunoconjugates prepared with the europium chelate BHHCT (4,4'-bis(1'',1'',1'',2'',2'',3'',3''-heptafluoro-4'',6''-hexanedion-6''-yl)-chlorosulfo-o-terphenyl) have previously been reported as suitable labels for time-resolved fluorescence applications. BHHCT is limited by a tendency to destabilize immunoglobulins when covalently bound to the(More)
The high level of discrimination offered by fluorescence microscopy has led to its widespread use for the analysis of individual microbial cells. The major limitation of fluorescence microscopy in microbial ecology is that many types of environmental samples contain autofluorescent material that can obscure emission from a fluorescent label. Time-resolved(More)
The ubiquity of naturally fluorescing components (autofluorophores) encountered in most biological samples hinders the detection and identification of labeled targets through fluorescence-based techniques. Time-resolved fluorescence (TRF) is a technique by which the effects of autofluorescence are reduced by using specific fluorescent labels with long(More)
BACKGROUND The unique discriminative ability of immunofluorescent probes can be severely compromised when probe emission competes against naturally occurring, intrinsically fluorescent substances (autofluorophores). Luminescence microscopes that operate in the time-domain can selectively resolve probes with long fluorescence lifetimes (tau > 100 micros)(More)
Autofluorescent algal samples were spiked with europium beads for analysis on a novel all-solid-state, time-gated luminescence (TGL) microscope. Pulsed UV excitation (365 nm) was provided by a high-power UV-LED source fitted to an Olympus BX51 microscope. An "Impactron" electron multiplying charge-coupled-device (CCD) camera acquired images in delayed(More)
The method of time-gated detection of long-lifetime (1-2,000 micros) luminescence-labeled microorganisms following rapid excitation pulses has proved highly efficient in suppressing nontarget autofluorescence (<0.1 micros), scatterings, and other prompt stray light (Hemmila and Mukkala, Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 2001;38:441-519). The application of such(More)
In the previous article [Part 1 (8)], we have modelled alternative approaches to design of practical time-gated luminescence (TGL) flow cytometry and examined the feasibility of employing a UV LED as the excitation source for the gated detection of europium dye labelled target in rapid flow stream. The continuous flow-section approach is well suited for(More)
To detect with whole-cell fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), Staphylococcus aureus is typically permeabilized with lysozyme and lysostaphin. We tested whether it was feasible to detect S. aureus and differentiate it from Staphylococcus epidermidis with lysozyme-only permeabilization. We compared lysozyme permeabilization to S. aureus permeabilized(More)
Many naturally occurring materials are autofluorescent, a property that can reduce the discriminative ability of fluorescence methods, sometimes to the point where they cannot be usefully applied. Shifting from the spectral to the temporal domain, it is possible to discriminate fluorophores on the basis of their fluorescence decay lifetime. Luminophores(More)
We describe the synthesis of a novel hydrophilic derivative of a tetradentate β-diketone europium ligand that was used to prepare an immunoconjugate probe against Giardia lamblia cysts. We used a Gated Autosynchronous Luminescence Detector (GALD) to obtain high quality delayed luminescence images of cells 30-fold faster than ever previously reported.