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OBJECTIVES To compare combined vacuum and rotation with the spinner flask technique for seeding chondrocytes on chitosan versus polyglycolic acid matrices. SAMPLE POPULATION Porcine chondrocytes. PROCEDURE A suspension containing 5 X 10(6) chondrocytes/scaffold was used to evaluate 2 seeding techniques, including a spinner flask and a custom-designed(More)
The relative osteoconductivity and the change in the mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds with multi-scale porosity were compared to scaffolds with a single pore size. Non-microporous (NMP) scaffolds contained only macroporosity (250-350 microm) and microporous (MP) scaffolds contained both macroporosity and microporosity (2-8 microm).(More)
The role of macropore size (>100 microm) and geometry in synthetic scaffolds for bone regeneration has been studied extensively, but successful translation to the clinic has been slow. Significantly less attention has been given to porosity at the microscale (0.5-10 microm). While some have shown that microporosity in calcium phosphate (CaP)-based scaffolds(More)
A significant amount of the data collected by cell biologists and tissue engineers relies on invasive imaging techniques to visualize dynamic structural and functional properties in engineered tissues. We report the use of optical coherence tomography and the comparative use of confocal microscopy to nondestructively and noninvasively monitor the structural(More)
Model hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds with porosities spanning multiple length scales were fabricated by robocasting, a solid freeform fabrication technique based on the robotic deposition of colloidal pastes. Scaffolds of various architectures including periodic, radial, and superlattice structures were constructed. Macropores (100-600 microm) were designed(More)
Research interest in chitosan stems in part from the demonstrated wound healing properties. The benefits of chitosan as a therapeutic agent appear to be paradoxical because chitosan also elicits neutrophil infiltration indicative of an inflammatory response. While the affinity between chitosan and neutrophils has been well documented, the underlying(More)
Pressure ulcers are a significant healthcare concern, especially for elderly populations. Our work served to ameliorate the chronicity of these ulcers by addressing ischemia-reperfusion injury mediated by neutrophils and the concomitant loss of vasculature in these wounds. To this end, chitosan scaffolds loaded with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)(More)
Uniform distribution of cells and their extracellular matrix is essential for the in vivo success of bone tissue engineering constructs produced in vitro. In this study, the effects of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) granules embedded into chitosan scaffolds on the distribution, morphology, and phenotypic expression of osteoblastic cells were investigated.(More)
Three types of model hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds were implanted in the metacarpal and metatarsal bones of goats. Scaffolds, consisting of a latticed pattern of rods, were fabricated with a solid freeform fabrication (SFF) technique. All scaffolds contained macropores; some were also fabricated with micropores (5.2 +/- 2.0 microm). Recombinant human bone(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether sustained release of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 from a gelatin hydrogel would enhance bone regeneration in critical-sized long-bone defects and overcome inhibitory effects of preoperative irradiation. ANIMALS 24 adult New Zealand White rabbits. PROCEDURE Rabbits were allocated to 2 groups. Twelve rabbits(More)