Russell C Reeves

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To evaluate the mechanism of the abnormal motion of the interventricular septum (IVS) seen echocardiographically in some patients with relatively delayed ventricular activation, we simultaneously recorded high-fidelity left and right ventricular pressures and electrograms and echocardiograms of the IVS in nine open-chest dogs. During sinus rhythm and during(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims were (1) to measure simultaneously and on a beat to beat basis intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients and force transients in isolated ferret cardiac trabeculae; (2) to obtain and compare independent estimates of the recirculating fraction of Ca2+ using the [Ca2+]i data and the force data (recirculating fraction is the(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptive rate sensors used in permanent pacemakers incorporate an accelerometer (XL) to increase heart rate with activity. Limited data exists regarding the relative benefit of a blended sensor (BS) (XL and minute ventilation) versus XL alone in restoring chronotropic response (CR) in chronotropically incompetent (CI) patients. METHODS One(More)
BACKGROUND The Telectronics Accufix pacing leads were recalled in November 1994 after 2 deaths and 2 nonfatal injuries were reported. This multicenter clinical study (MCS) of patients with Accufix leads was designed to determine the rate of spontaneous injury related to the J retention wire and results of lead extraction. METHODS AND RESULTS The MCS(More)
The mechanical characteristics of the central segment of isolated cat papillary muscle were determined with recently developed equipment. Two small sharpened stainless steel pins, inserted transversely through the muscle, were used to mark the ends of a segment not damaged by attachments. Installation of the pins did not affect the performance of the(More)
Histopathologic studies have demonstrated accumulation of lipid droplets in myocardium subjected to greater than or equal to 6 h of ischemic insult. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy can provide a noninvasive means to evaluate changes in tissue lipid and, potentially, to characterize the ischemic insult. To determine whether lipids(More)
The Gemini Study was a 14-week, open-label, non-comparative, office-based, multicenter trial to evaluate single-pill therapy in the treatment of concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia. In addition to recommending lifestyle modifications, eight dosage strengths of amlodipine/atorvastatin single pill (5/10, 5/20, 5/40, 5/80, 10/10, 10/20, 10/40, and 10/80(More)
Proton NMR methods can monitor mobile lipids (e.g., fatty acids and glycerides) in intact tissue. Lipids play a major role in cardiac energy production, and elevated levels of myocardial lipids have been reported following an ischemic insult. The present study examines the potential of high-resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy to monitor lipid alterations 24 h(More)
To assess in the intact ventricle the steady-state influence of several mechanical variables on the extent of left ventricular midwall circumferential shortening, a pressure servo system was utilized in isolated canine hearts. The system permits continuous monitoring of ventricular volume and control of diastolic and systolic pressures. After determination(More)