Russell C Reeves

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The mechanical characteristics of the central segment of isolated cat papillary muscle were determined with recently developed equipment. Two small sharpened stainless steel pins, inserted transversely through the muscle, were used to mark the ends of a segment not damaged by attachments. Installation of the pins did not affect the performance of the(More)
Monitoring human cardiac allograft rejection is currently accomplished by endomyocardial biopsy. Available noninvasive methods for identifying rejection have lacked the necessary sensitivity or specificity, or both, for routine clinical application. In vivo phosphorus-31 (P-31) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used for monitoring(More)
To evaluate the mechanism of the abnormal motion of the interventricular septum (IVS) seen echocardiographically in some patients with relatively delayed ventricular activation, we simultaneously recorded high-fidelity left and right ventricular pressures and electrograms and echocardiograms of the IVS in nine open-chest dogs. During sinus rhythm and during(More)
Proton (1H) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging is thought to depict zones of recent myocardial infarction in contrast to noninfarcted myocardium. This is related to T2 increases in infarct zones that have been verified previously by relaxometry measurements in excised myocardial samples. Accordingly the present study was undertaken to evaluate a 1H(More)
Contrast produced by differences in regional proton relaxation times (T1 and T2) provides the potential to assess the extent of myocardial infarction using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging. Previous laboratory studies have shown that longitudinal (T1) and transverse (T2) relaxation times are prolonged in acute myocardial infarction, and these(More)
To assess in the intact ventricle the steady-state influence of several mechanical variables on the extent of left ventricular midwall circumferential shortening, a pressure servo system was utilized in isolated canine hearts. The system permits continuous monitoring of ventricular volume and control of diastolic and systolic pressures. After determination(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims were (1) to measure simultaneously and on a beat to beat basis intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients and force transients in isolated ferret cardiac trabeculae; (2) to obtain and compare independent estimates of the recirculating fraction of Ca2+ using the [Ca2+]i data and the force data (recirculating fraction is the(More)
Potentiated contractions were evoked with rapid pace pause maneuver in 14 length-clamped ferret papillary muscles paced 12 times/min at 25 degrees C. At 1.25 mM [Ca2+]o the average steady-state force was 2.94 +/- 1.08 g/mm2 and the potentiated contraction averaged 10.96 +/- 1.61 g/mm2. At 5.0 mM [Ca2+]o the steady-state force increased to 6.18 +/- 1.23(More)
To evaluate the mechanism of the effect of the interaction of digoxin and quinidine on myocardial contractility, ferret right ventricular papillary muscles were isolated and the effects of digoxin, 4 x 10(-7) M, quinidine, 1 x 10(5) M and atropine, 1.5 x 10(-6) M, on peak developed force, peak rate of development of force (dF/dt) and time to peak tension(More)