Russell Brown

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Neural-cell adhesion molecules (N-CAMs) are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily mediating homo- and heterophilic cell-cell interactions. N-CAM exists in various isoforms which are generated by alternative splicing. During embryonic development, N-CAMs are expressed in derivatives of all three germ layers, whereas in the adult animal they are(More)
This study investigated the effects of repeated administrations of nicotine (0.7 mg/kg) on dendritic morphology in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), prefrontal cortex (Cg 3), and parietal cortex (Par 1). Animals were habituated for 3 days to a locomotor box, and after habituation, every second day for 5 weeks rats were placed into the locomotor chamber(More)
This experiment utilized a laterally placed controlled cortical impact model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) to assess changes on spatial learning and memory in the Morris water maze (MWM). Adult rats were subjected to one of two different levels of cortical injury, mild (1 mm) or moderate (2 mm) deformation, and subsequently tested for their ability to(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 (also known as TP53) tumor suppressor gene encodes for a nuclear phosphoprotein thought to regulate proliferation of normal cells. Most p53 mutations result in a nonfunctional protein that accumulates in tumor cell nuclei. These common mutations appear to be involved in the development and/or progression of several neoplastic diseases(More)
There is a paucity of data on neurochemical abnormalities and associated effects on cognition and motor performance in rats ontogenetically treated with quinpirole, a rodent model of dopaminergic hyperfunction. The objective of the current study was to analyze the cognitive and motor effects produced by ontogenetic administration of quinpirole, a dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancers have been shown to have increased glucose uptake and utilization, and to express the facilitative glucose transporter Glut1. The aim of this study was to determine the biological significance of Glut1 expression in breast cancer. METHODS Paraffin sections of 118 breast cancers were immunostained with antibody to Glut1. The(More)
This study analyzed repeated methylphenidate (MPH) administration and its effects on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens of male and female adolescent rats. In Experiment 1, rats were administered intraperitoneal (ip) saline, 1, 3, or 5 mg/kg dose of MPH every second day from postnatal day (P)33-P49.(More)
The development of place and cue spatial navigation was evaluated in 18-, 19-, and 20-day-old males in the Morris water task (MWT). Past work has suggested that place and cue learning develop at different rates, suggesting that the two aspects of spatial navigation have different neural substrates. In the present study, a new training methodology was used(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of Ki-67, a cell proliferation-associated antigen, in a large group (n = 674) of axillary node-negative breast cancer cases with long-term follow-up and to correlate Ki-67 antigen expression with S-phase fraction. Ki-67 immunostaining was assessed both semiquantitatively and(More)