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While researchers usually are concerned about psychometric properties of psychological tests estimated using large samples, most clinical decision-makers must evaluate the accuracy of test results for individuals. This is particularly true as regards tests that have cutting scores to determine, for example, whether to assign a particular diagnosis or accept(More)
OBJECTIVE Research about the role of alcohol-related expectancies in the drinking behavior of young people has two crucial limitations: a paucity of longitudinal studies and questions about the construct validities of extant expectancy questionnaires. This study concerned the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire for Adolescents (AEQ-A) and its relation to(More)
  • R B Kline
  • 1988
Psychiatric diagnoses and objective parent checklists are alternative ways to describe child adjustment problems. There has recently been interest in evaluating the degree of agreement or convergence between these sources of information. This paper addresses three issues neglected by researchers in this area. The appropriateness of the use of indices of(More)
We evaluated the validity of a profile typology for the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC), a parent-informant measure of child psychiatric status. For referred children, we studied (a) the convergence of PIC profile types with diagnoses according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., American Psychiatric Association,(More)
Latent variable path analysis (LVPA) is undoubtedly one of "the" new statistical techniques being used increasingly often by clinical researchers. Although well suited for some types of clinical research, LVPA can be a somewhat intimidating technique for novices. This work is intended to provide a non-mathematical introduction to the advantages and problems(More)
This paper describes a system which provides a visual demonstration of the structure and flow of an ALGOL program. The program is displayed on a CRT and executed interpretively, highlighting each statement prior to execution and showing the result of the statement after execution. The primary use of the system is to demonstrate program operation in a(More)
Of various means to prevent alcohol-related problems among adolescents, school-based educational approaches are very prevalent. The potential effectiveness of such programs will be limited, however, if teenage drinking is determined by factors beyond the influence of school-based interventions, such as demographic characteristics or quality of family(More)
The present study examined the differential predictive accuracy of seven Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory alcoholism scales and two drug abuse scales across both sex and race in a sample of 171 alcoholic inpatients. Results demonstrated considerable variance among these scales in their ability to predict alcohol and other drug use, expectancies,(More)
Clinicians often attach interpretive significance to high variability among subtest scores in IQ profiles of adults and children. In this study we evaluated the external validity of a relatively new measure of IQ subtest variability, the profile variability index (PVI). Within a sample of referred children, we administered the Kaufman Assessment Battery for(More)