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A number of putative endocannabinoids were found to modify the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin A-20alpha-benzoate ([(3)H]BTX-B) to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels of mouse brain and achieve functional inhibition of sodium channels in vitro. 2-Arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), arachidonoyl glycerol ether (AGE), N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) gave almost(More)
BACKGROUND The effects were evaluated of the plant terpenoid thymol and eight other neuroactive compounds on flight muscle impulses (FMIs) and wing beat frequency (WBF) of tethered blowflies (Phaenicia sericata Meig.). RESULTS The electrical activity of the dorsolongitudinal flight muscles was closely linked to the WBF of control insects. Topically(More)
This investigation focuses on the in vitro neuroactive properties of pinostrobin, a substituted flavanone from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. of the Fabaceae family. We demonstrate that pinostrobin inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels of mammalian brain (IC(50)=23 µM) based on the ability of this substance to suppress the depolarizing effects of the sodium(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was aimed to evaluate whether IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies levels detected against a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis polyprotein 38 F-64 F (with 38 F being the abbreviation for 38kD-ESAT6-CFP10 and 64 F for Mtb8.4-MPT64-TB16.3-Mtb8) are suitable for diagnosing active tuberculosis, and for monitoring the efficacy of chemotherapy(More)
The ginsenoside Rh(2) and its aglycone 20(S)-protopanaxadiol are known to inhibit the binding of [(3)H]batrachotoxinin 20alpha-benzoate to site 2 on voltage-gated sodium channels and electrophysiological investigations conducted by others have shown that ginsenosides cause voltage-dependent inhibition of reconstituted forms of the sodium channel. Here we(More)
A [(3)H]batrachotoxinin A-20alpha-benzoate ([(3)H]BTX-B) binding assay was used to investigate the interaction of two ginseng aglycones (20(S)protopanaxadiol and 20(S)protopanaxatriol) and Rh(2) (a monoglucoside of 20(S)protopanaxadiol) with voltage-gated sodium channels in mouse brain. All compounds inhibited the binding of [(3)H]BTX-B and IC(50)s were(More)
1. We examine the sensitivity of GABA(A) and glycine receptors (same ionotropic superfamily) to oleamide. We address subunit-dependence/modulatory mechanisms and analogies with depressant drugs. 2. Oleamide modulated human GABA(A) currents (alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2L)) in oocytes (EC(50), 28.94+/-s.e.mean of 1.4 microM; Maximum 216%+/-35 of control, n=4).(More)
Anandamide is a prominent member of the endocannabinoids, a group of diffusible lipid molecules which influences neuronal excitability. In this context, endocannabinoids are known to modulate certain presynaptic Ca(2+) and K(+) channels, either through cannabinoid (CB1) receptor stimulation and second messenger pathway activation or by direct action. We(More)
This research examines the in vitro interaction of phthalate diesters and monoesters with the G protein-coupled cannabinoid 1 (CB(1)) receptor, a presynaptic complex involved in the regulation of synaptic activity in mammalian brain. The diesters, n-butylbenzylphthalate (nBBP), di-n-hexylphthalate (DnHP), di-n-butylphthalate (DnBP), di-2-ethylhexylphthalate(More)
The biochemical mechanisms underlying the increased toxicity of several plant essential oils (thymol, eugenol, pulegone, terpineol, and citronellal) against fourth instar of Aedes aegypti L. when exposed simultaneously with piperonyl butoxide (PBO) were examined. Whole body biotransformational enzyme activities including cytochrome P450-mediated oxidation(More)