Russell A H Cook

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A clonal hamster beta cell line (HIT) was established by simian virus 40 transformation of Syrian hamster pancreatic islet cells. Cytoplasmic insulin was detected in all cells by indirect fluorescent antibody staining, and membrane-bound secretory granules were observed ultrastructurally. Acidified-ethanol extracts of HIT cell cultures contained hamster(More)
NGG1p/ADA3p and ADA2p are dual function regulators that stimulate or inhibit a set of yeast transcriptional activator proteins. In vitro, NGG1p and ADA2p associate in a complex that also contains GCN5p (Horiuchi, J., Silverman, N., Marcus, G. A., and Guarente, L. (1995) Mol. Cell. Biol. 15, 1203-1209). We have found that NGG1p and ADA2p are(More)
A mutant of Escherichia coli K-12 lacking pyruvate dehydrogenase and phosphoenolpyruvate synthase was used to study the transport of pyruvate by whole cells. Uptake of pyruvate was maximal in mid-log phase cells, with a Michaelis constant for transport of 20 microM. Pretreatment of the cells with respiratory chain poisons or uncouplers, except for arsenate,(More)
General protease and collagenase IV activity are involved in the remodelling of the vascular basement membrane that occurs during tumor-induced angiogenesis. This study has assessed the level of these enzymes in tumor, peritumoral or contralateral cerebral cortex tissue during the growth of C6 astrocytoma in the rat spheroid implantation model. General(More)
This study tested the accuracy of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to assess the amount of calcium consumed daily and to use as an educational tool in diet counseling and for prescribing calcium supplementation. The subjects were 26 perimenopausal women, aged 48 to 56 years, who were participants in a longitudinal osteoporosis(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COXII) in yeast mitochondria is synthesized as a precursor (preCOXII) and is sorted across the inner membrane, whereby both N and C termini become exposed to the intermembrane space. We describe here how this process can be experimentally dissected into a number of distinct stages. Our results demonstrate that the(More)
Two high-molecular-mass proteases have been detected in E.coli K12 and isolated from the periplasmic fraction released by osmotic shock. The two proteases, designated Protease peri7 and Protease peri8, have similar molecular masses (greater than 2000 kDa) and degrade alpha- and beta-casein, but not insulin B chain. Protease peri7 is a metalloprotease(More)
UNLABELLED Heart disease is a leading cause of death in North America. With the increased availability of PET/CT scanners, CT is now commonly used as a transmission source for attenuation correction. Because of the differences in scan duration between PET and CT, respiration-induced motion can create inconsistencies between the PET and CT data and lead to(More)
Atrophy in a denervated muscle results from the disuse caused by paralysis of the muscle, and from the loss of special nerve-derived trophic substances. Crude preparations of protein from rat or sheep sciatic nerves have been shown to prevent the nondisuse atrophy of the rat's extensor digitorum longus muscle when injected into the denervated muscle daily(More)
Tumor growth is dependent on the ability of neoplastic cells to induce angiogenesis. Blood-vessel remodeling requires the reconstruction of the nonfibrous proteins and type IV collagen components of the basement membrane. This study has assessed the influence of the growth of C6 astrocytoma cells in the rat spheroid implantation model on serum general(More)