Active and passive muscle tension is discussed in relation to finger flexor and extensor tendons. Minimising active tension required to produce finger movement is seen as an important part of post-operative finger mobilisation following flexor tendon repair in which active movement is used. It is argued that "minimal active tension" in the flexors is equal… (More)
In the present study we have estimated the temporal elongation of the plantar aponeurosis (PA) during normal walking using a subject-specific multi-segment rigid-body model of the foot. As previous studies have suggested that muscular forces at the ankle can pre-load the PA prior to heel-strike, the main purpose of the current study was to test, through… (More)
Metal implants produce susceptibility artefacts in magnetic resonance imaging. We have explored the effects of scaphoid screw characteristics and orientation on MR susceptibility artefact. Titanium alloy, smallness and longitudinal alignment with the z-axis of the main magnetic field reduce the size of the susceptibility artefact.
We conducted laboratory tests to investigate the possibility of partly de-powering flexor digitorum profundus with a view of reducing flexion force during active flexor tendon rehabilitation. We constructed a splint and applied tapes to the proximal segments of fingers to test the hypothesis that holding three fingers more extended than the other finger… (More)
In the context of primary flexor tendon repair, a study has been made to determine how much of the flexor sheath may be opened without causing mechanical disadvantage to the finger. In five cadaver hands, measurement of profundus tendon excursion, distance from nail to distal palmar crease, profundus flexion force, and tendon bow-stringing, showed that… (More)