Russel E. Kaufman

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Although widely used, the term repellency needs to be employed with care when applied to ticks and other periodic or permanent ectoparasites. Repellency has classically been used to describe the effects of a substance that causes a flying arthropod to make oriented movements away from its source. However, for crawling arthropods such as ticks, the term(More)
Increased contractile activity of skeletal muscle augments the volume fraction and enzymatic capacity of mitochondria and suppresses the enzymatic capacity of several cytoplasmic enzymes of glycolysis. To examine the biochemical mechanisms underlying these effects, we measured the concentrations of cytochrome b mRNA and aldolase A mRNA in tibialis anterior(More)
The ferritin family is a widespread group of proteins that maintain iron in a soluble form and also protect against the toxic effects of excess iron. The structure and sequence of the proteins are highly conserved. However, the cell-specific features of structure which occur within the same organism indicate cell specificity of gene expression and may be(More)
An unusually long repeated DNA sequence was identified in cloned DNA, three kb 3' to the human beta-globin gene. Other members of this repeated sequence family were isolated from a human genomic DNA library and characterized by Southern blotting techniques, electron microscopy, and solution hybridization. The copy located next to the beta-globin gene was(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the roles of melanoma-associated macrophages in melanoma resistance to BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN An in vitro macrophage and melanoma cell coculture system was used to investigate whether macrophages play a role in melanoma resistance to BRAFi. The effects of macrophages in tumor resistance were examined by(More)
The presence of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in melanomas is correlated with a poor clinical prognosis. However, there is limited information on the characteristics and biological activities of human TAMs in melanomas. In this study, we developed an in vitro method to differentiate human monocytes to macrophages using modified melanoma-conditioned(More)
The recent identification of the mouse White spotting and Steel loci as genes encoding the c-kit receptor and its ligand, respectively, has shed light on the importance of this ligand and receptor in embryogenesis, melanogenesis and hematopoiesis. In order to determine if the c-kit proto-oncogene is involved in human disease, we isolated seven overlapping(More)
Abnormalities in type I collagen have been recognized in a number of connective tissue disorders. In the Marfan syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition producing a generalized abnormality in connective tissue, no consistent abnormality has been identified, although one individual has been found to have an elongated pro alpha 2(I) collagen chain [Byers et(More)
The c-kit proto-oncogene is expressed in several tissues during development. To understand the mechanisms controlling the expression of this gene, we characterized the human c-kit promoter. Expression is controlled transcriptionally. The 5'-flanking DNA was used to make promoter deletion-reporter constructs that were tested in cells that were either(More)
The investigation of a DNase-hypersensitive site upstream of the CD7 gene on chromosome 17q25 has led to the discovery of a novel human gene designated K12 (SECTM1, the HGMW assignment). This gene spans approximately 14 kb and encodes a 1.8-kb mRNA detected at the highest levels in peripheral blood leukocytes and breast cancer cell lines. The open reading(More)