Russel D Brown

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Cardiac fibroblasts play a central role in the maintenance of extracellular matrix in the normal heart and as mediators of inflammatory and fibrotic myocardial remodeling in the injured and failing heart. In this review, we evaluate the cardiac fibroblast as a therapeutic target in heart disease. Unique features of cardiac fibroblast cell biology are(More)
We sought to define the relationship between cytokine stimulated release of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and cell migration using adult rat cardiac fibroblasts. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) increased release of MMP-2, -3, and -9, and TIMP-1, by 3-6-fold, measured by immunoblotting and gel zymography. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) augmented(More)
The potential effects of the phytoestrogen genistein (GEN) on the immune system were evaluated in both F(0) (dams) and F(1) generations of Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to a soy-free diet containing low (L: 25 ppm), middle (M: 250 ppm), and high (H: 1250 ppm) levels of GEN. In dams, exposure to GEN from Gestation Day 7 to Postpartum Day 51 (totally 65 days)(More)
Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by many fungal species of the genera Penicillium, Aspergillus and Bryssochamys. Previous literature reports have suggested that patulin is toxic to the immune system. The studies presented were conducted to provide a comprehensive assessment of the effects of patulin on the immune system. Unlike previous reports, the doses of(More)
The isoflavone genistein (4,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavone) is a phytoestrogen found in high levels in soy products that has been associated with decreased incidences of breast and prostate cancers. The potential effects of genistein on the immune system were evaluated in adult female B6C3F1 mice. Groups of mice were exposed to vehicle or genistein by gavage for(More)
The enzyme-linked colloidal gold affinity labelling technique was tested as a method to localize cellulose on thin sections of plant cell walls and slime mold spores. Commercially available cellulase from cultures of Trichoderma reesei, the main components being cellobiohydrolase I and II (CBH I, CBH II) and endoglucanase (EG), was linked to colloidal gold(More)
We have monitored agonist-induced alpha 1B-adrenergic receptor (alpha 1BAR) redistribution by immunocytochemical procedures in concert with functional measurements of agonist-elicited [3H]inositol phosphate (InsP) production in human embryonal kidney 293 cells stably expressing alpha 1BAR cDNA (HEK293/alpha 1B). Anti-peptide antibodies directed against the(More)
The pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are elevated following acute myocardial infarction (MI) and have been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiac disease progression. The cardiac fibroblast represents an important effector cell target for cytokine actions. In(More)