Rushdia Zareen Yusuf

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Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can convert between growth states that have marked differences in bioenergetic needs. Although often quiescent in adults, these cells become proliferative upon physiological demand. Balancing HSC energetics in response to nutrient availability and growth state is poorly understood, yet essential for the dynamism of the(More)
AKT activation is associated with many malignancies, where AKT acts, in part, by inhibiting FOXO tumor suppressors. We show a converse role for AKT/FOXOs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Rather than decreased FOXO activity, we observed that FOXOs are active in ∼40% of AML patient samples regardless of genetic subtype. We also observe this activity in human(More)
It has been approximately ten years since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved paclitaxel for the treatment of platinum resistant epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Since the approval, the drug has found therapeutic applications in a variety of schedules and in a wide variety of epithelial malignancies. Its novel mechanism of action provided the hope(More)
Anemia of inflammation develops in settings of chronic inflammatory, infectious, or neoplastic disease. In this highly prevalent form of anemia, inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, stimulate hepatic expression of hepcidin, which negatively regulates iron bioavailability by inactivating ferroportin. Hepcidin is transcriptionally regulated by IL-6 and(More)
In the search for novel genes involved in the paclitaxel resistance phenotype, prior studies of gene expression in paclitaxel-resistant cell lines and their paired drug-sensitive parental lines using high-density Affymetrix GeneChip arrays identified guanylate-binding protein 1 (GBP1) gene as an overexpressed transcript. The GBP1 gene encodes a large GTPase(More)
Characterization of how the microenvironment, or niche, regulates stem cell activity is central to understanding stem cell biology and to developing strategies for the therapeutic manipulation of stem cells. Low oxygen tension (hypoxia) is commonly thought to be a shared niche characteristic in maintaining quiescence in multiple stem cell types. However,(More)
To identify genes involved in the paclitaxel resistance phenotype. High-density Affymetrix HG-U95Av2 microarrays were used to quantify gene expression in the resulting cell lines, SKOV-3TR, OVCAR8TR and MCF-7TR, and their drug-sensitive parental lines, SKOV-3, OVCAR8 and MCF-7. Three paclitaxel-resistant human ovarian and breast cancer cell lines were(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance is a significant barrier to the development of successful cancer treatment. To identify genetic alterations that are directly involved in paclitaxel resistance, a functional cloning strategy was developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using mRNA from paclitaxel resistant human ovarian cancer cell line SW626TR, a cDNA library was(More)
under control of the Nes promoter did not elicit the same phenotype. It is important to note, however, that Lepr was among the top 1% most highly expressed genes in sorted nestin-positive mouse cells by microarray analysis6, suggesting a potential overlap between the two niche cells, which will require further investigation. Thus, cells associated with the(More)
Previous studies directed at identifying paclitaxel resistance genes in a paclitaxel-resistant subclone of the human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3 identified a novel cancer testis antigen, Taxol resistance-associated gene 3 (TRAG-3). Because investigation suggested that TRAG-3, located on chromosome Xq28, does not directly participate in the(More)