Ruri C. Nakatsumi

Learn More
Intestinal mucosa is continuously exposed to mechanical forces. We examined whether pressure loading activates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and expression of early immediate genes in intestinal epithelial cells. Pressure was applied to IEC18 cells by helium gas in a culture flask and pressure-induced cell proliferation was examined. The(More)
Endothelin (ET), a vasoconstrictive peptide, is known to have a variety of biological actions. Although ET is released by vascular endothelial cells, other cell populations also have been reported to synthesize and release ET. In this study, we examined whether ET is synthesized by intestinal epithelial cells and whether it affects induction of epithelial(More)
Although intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) are known as an important source for IL-6, it is not known whether mechanical forces affect IL-6 production. We investigated how transmural pressure modulates IL-6 synthesis and activation of transcription factors in IECs. Pressure was loaded onto IEC-18 cells by introducing compressed helium gas into the cell(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The basic mechanisms of food allergies are still unknown. The aims of this study were to investigate whether endothelins (ETs) in the intestinal mucosa are involved in the pathogenesis of intestinal anaphylaxis. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were sensitized to chicken egg albumin (EA) by intraperitoneal injection. Fourteen days after(More)
Intestinal mucosal immunity is modulated by cytokine release from intestinal cells, but little is known about the relation between nutrient absorption and cytokine release. In this study, we examined how exposure to fatty acids affects the production of growth-regulated oncogene/cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (GRO/CINC-1) and interleukin(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Evidence increasingly indicates that nitric oxide plays an important role in antitumor mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of NO in the mechanisms regulating the proliferation and death of hepatoma cells cocultured with Kupffer cells. METHODS Kupffer cells were isolated from male Wistar rats and cocultured with(More)
  • 1