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Communication Engineering and refers other researcher's work which are duly listed in the reference section. The matter embodied in this thesis has not been submitted for the award of any other degree of the Thapar University or any other university. Date: (Himanshu) This is to certify that the above statement made by the candidate is correct and true to(More)
Position based routing protocols are becoming popular over topology based routing protocols due to advancement and availability of GPS devices. Most of the existing position based routing protocols depends upon the beacon interval to collect its current position due to limitations of GPS systems. Delay in collecting the current position forces the routing(More)
Two types of computer input devices, a conventional mouse and a roller bar one, were studied in terms of muscular activity in m. trapezius dexter, m. deltoideus anterior dexter and m. extensor digitorum dexter, and comfort rating. Fifteen university students and employees participated in this study. The order of the devices was random. While a task was(More)
Cleaning is a highly physically demanding job with a high frequency of awkward postures and working environments as contributing risk factors. Participatory ergonomics is a method in which end-users take an active role in identifying risk factors and solutions. The aim of this study was to apply the participatory ergonomics method to identify cleaning(More)
Introduction Quantum key distribution (QKD) [1] enables two remote parties Alice and Bob to share common secure keys which are unknown to a potential eavesdropper. Unconditional security of QKD is based on the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics, but in reality, securities of practical QKD systems could be jeopardized by physical implementations. In(More)
Vertical and horizontal line scratches are primarily defects in old video data recorded on film. The flawless restoration of scratches is totally dependent on their perfect detection. False and missed detection weakens the restoration result. In this paper we address the problem of detection of primary and secondary line scratches and also propose a(More)