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Communication Engineering and refers other researcher's work which are duly listed in the reference section. The matter embodied in this thesis has not been submitted for the award of any other degree of the Thapar University or any other university. Date: (Himanshu) This is to certify that the above statement made by the candidate is correct and true to(More)
Position based routing protocols are becoming popular over topology based routing protocols due to advancement and availability of GPS devices. Most of the existing position based routing protocols depends upon the beacon interval to collect its current position due to limitations of GPS systems. Delay in collecting the current position forces the routing(More)
Two types of computer input devices, a conventional mouse and a roller bar one, were studied in terms of muscular activity in m. trapezius dexter, m. deltoideus anterior dexter and m. extensor digitorum dexter, and comfort rating. Fifteen university students and employees participated in this study. The order of the devices was random. While a task was(More)
Introduction Quantum key distribution (QKD) [1] enables two remote parties Alice and Bob to share common secure keys which are unknown to a potential eavesdropper. Unconditional security of QKD is based on the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics, but in reality, securities of practical QKD systems could be jeopardized by physical implementations. In(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumour of the bone and is considered as developmental lesion of the bone. Common site of osteochondroma presentation is around the knee but calcaneal osteochondroma as such is a rare entity. Osteochondromas grow during childhood through adolescence, but usually the growth of osteochondroma ends when the(More)
Scratch is the most dominant defect in an old age video film and its most common form is the vertical line scratch. Restoration of video film corrupted by these defects is totally depends on their absolute detection. Generally, line scratch is persistent in a sequence of frames and their pattern is almost regular as compared to the other defects. Detection(More)