Rupert Oliver

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BACKGROUND Noninvasive cortical stimulation could represent an add-on treatment to enhance motor recovery after stroke. However, its clinical value, including anticipated size and duration of the treatment effects, remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The authors designed a small semi-randomized clinical trial to explore whether long-lasting clinically(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an increasingly popular clinical screening tool for detecting cognitive impairment in stroke, but few studies have directly compared performance on the MoCA with neuropsychological assessment. Our retrospective study examined the extent to which intact performance on the MoCA reflects intact(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV) and respiratory frequency were measured by power spectrum techniques in six normal humans (25-34 years old) and one labyrinthine-defective patient (33 years old) during cold (30 degrees ) vestibular caloric stimulation. Caloric stimuli were delivered intermittently for 2 min, under two different(More)
The role of the cerebellum is well characterized for many motor processes and for some cognitive tasks, although its contribution to lateralized spatial judgement has never been probed directly. To address this omission, we investigated the effects of cerebellar disruption on two different line bisection tasks in eight healthy subjects. Based on previous(More)
Motion-induced blindness (MIB) is a bistable visual phenomenon in which stationary disks surrounded by a moving pattern intermittently disappear from the viewer's awareness. We explored the cortical network that subserves the MIB phenomenon by targeting its constituent parts with disruptive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), in the form of continuous(More)
Signal detection theory tests an observer's ability to discriminate between signal and noise. Deciding whether or not a patient's symptoms warrant further investigation or treatment is an example of this task in the clinical setting. Noise can exist within the observer--for example, in the brain of a tired or inexperienced doctor--or can arise from an(More)
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