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An active involvement of blood-brain barrier endothelial cell basement membranes in development of inflammatory lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) has not been considered to date. Here we investigated the molecular composition and possible function of the extracellular matrix encountered by extravasating T lymphocytes during experimental autoimmune(More)
Endothelial cells of the blood and lymphatic vasculature are polarized cells with luminal surfaces specialized to interact with inflammatory cells upon the appropriate stimulation; they contain specialized transcellular transport systems, and their basal surfaces are attached to an extracellular basement membrane. In adult tissues the basement membrane(More)
When activated, T helper cells differentiate into one of two subsets, Th1 and Th2, characterized by distinct profiles of cytokine production. Th1 cells activate pro-inflammatory effector mechanisms involved in protection and autoimmunity, whereas Th2 cells induce humoral and allergic responses and downregulate local inflammation. Apart from differences in(More)
In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) inflammatory cells cross the endothelial blood-brain barrier (BBB) and gain access to the central nervous system (CNS). Here we show that E- and P-selectin are not involved in the recruitment of inflammatory cells across the BBB. Neither expression of E- nor P-selectin is induced in BBB-forming endothelium(More)
Previous data suggested a role of endothelial selectins in skin homing of lymphocytes. In the current study, we have analyzed the expression and functional role of E-and P-selectin ligands on CD4+ T cells induced in vivo upon skin sensitization, using soluble selectin-Ig chimera and blocking Abs. Only low numbers of CD4+ cells expressing significant levels(More)
Few markers specific for mouse endothelium exist. We describe here one such marker, MECA-32, a monoclonal antibody which shows high specificity for mouse endothelium in both embryonic and mature tissues. The MECA-32 antigen has a M(r) of 50-55 x 10(3) under reducing conditions and M(r) of 100-120 x 10(3) under nonreducing conditions. It is expressed on most(More)
Specific inhibition of the entry of encephalitogenic T lymphocytes into the central nervous system in multiple sclerosis would provide a means of inhibiting disease without compromising innate immune responses. We show here that targeting lymphocyte interactions with endothelial basement membrane laminins provides such a possibility. In mouse experimental(More)
Until recently little information was available on the molecular details of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of secondary lymphoid tissues. There is now growing evidence that these ECMs are unique structures, combining characteristics of basement membranes and interstitial or fibrillar matrices, resulting in scaffolds that are strong and highly flexible and,(More)
Laminin expression was studied in endothelial cells derived from different mouse tissues and primary cultures of bovine aortic endothelium (BAEC). Immunoprecipitation with polyclonal anti-laminin-1 revealed two 200-kDa chains, a novel 400-kDa chain and nidogen in all cells studied. Two-dimensional electrophoresis of laminin complexes immunoprecipitated from(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) exists in various biochemical and structural forms that can act either as a barrier to migrating leukocytes, in the case of basement membranes, or provide a physical scaffold supporting or guiding migration (interstitial matrix). This review focuses on basement membranes and our current knowledge of the way that leukocytes(More)