Rupert Hallmann

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An active involvement of blood-brain barrier endothelial cell basement membranes in development of inflammatory lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) has not been considered to date. Here we investigated the molecular composition and possible function of the extracellular matrix encountered by extravasating T lymphocytes during experimental autoimmune(More)
Endothelial cells of the blood and lymphatic vasculature are polarized cells with luminal surfaces specialized to interact with inflammatory cells upon the appropriate stimulation; they contain specialized transcellular transport systems, and their basal surfaces are attached to an extracellular basement membrane. In adult tissues the basement membrane(More)
Specific inhibition of the entry of encephalitogenic T lymphocytes into the central nervous system in multiple sclerosis would provide a means of inhibiting disease without compromising innate immune responses. We show here that targeting lymphocyte interactions with endothelial basement membrane laminins provides such a possibility. In mouse experimental(More)
Tumor necrosis factor type alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibits endothelial cell proliferation in vitro. Basal cell growth (in the absence of exogenously added growth factor) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-stimulated cell proliferation are inhibited in a dose-dependent manner from 0.1 to 10 ng/ml with half-maximal inhibition occurring at 0.5-1.0 ng of TNF-alpha(More)
In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) inflammatory cells cross the endothelial blood-brain barrier (BBB) and gain access to the central nervous system (CNS). Here we show that E- and P-selectin are not involved in the recruitment of inflammatory cells across the BBB. Neither expression of E- nor P-selectin is induced in BBB-forming endothelium(More)
Capillaries derived from the perineural vascular plexus invade brain tissue early in embryonic development. Considerably later they differentiate into blood-brain barrier (BBB)-forming blood vessels. In the chick, the BBB as defined by impermeability for the protein horseradish peroxidase develops around embryonic day 13. We have previously found that brain(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is essential for the morphology of membrane caveolae and exerts a negative influence on a number of signaling systems, including nitric oxide (NO) production and activity of the MAP kinase cascade. In the vascular system, ablation of caveolin-1 may thus be expected to cause arterial dilatation and increased vessel wall mass (remodeling).(More)
Few markers specific for mouse endothelium exist. We describe here one such marker, MECA-32, a monoclonal antibody which shows high specificity for mouse endothelium in both embryonic and mature tissues. The MECA-32 antigen has a M(r) of 50-55 x 10(3) under reducing conditions and M(r) of 100-120 x 10(3) under nonreducing conditions. It is expressed on most(More)
TNF-alpha has been clearly identified as central mediator of T cell activation-induced acute hepatic injury in mice, e.g., Con A hepatitis. In this model, liver injury depends on both TNFRs, i.e., the 55-kDa TNFR1 as well as the 75-kDa TNFR2. We show in this report that the hepatic TNFRs are not transcriptionally regulated, but are regulated by receptor(More)
When activated, T helper cells differentiate into one of two subsets, Th1 and Th2, characterized by distinct profiles of cytokine production. Th1 cells activate pro-inflammatory effector mechanisms involved in protection and autoimmunity, whereas Th2 cells induce humoral and allergic responses and downregulate local inflammation. Apart from differences in(More)