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Molecular imaging studies have recently found inter- and intratumoral heterogeneity in World Health Organization (WHO) grade II gliomas. A correlative analysis with tumor histology, however, is still lacking. For elucidation we conducted the current prospective study. Fifty-five adult patients with an MRI-based suspicion of a WHO grade II glioma were(More)
Since the discovery of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in 1987, extensive research has been conducted analyzing the APP-derived beta-amyloid (Abeta) which is found in massive quantities in senile plaques of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. Numerous studies over the last two decades have demonstrated the neurotoxic properties of Abeta. However, it is(More)
The prognostic significance of atypical histologic features in choroid plexus tumors remains uncertain. Therefore, a series of 164 choroid plexus tumors was evaluated for the presence of atypical histologic features, including mitotic activity, increased cellularity, nuclear pleomorphism, blurring of papillary growth pattern, and necrosis. The impact of(More)
AIMS The spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2), type 3 (SCA3) and type 7 (SCA7) are clinically characterized by progressive and severe ataxic symptoms, dysarthria, dysphagia, oculomotor impairments, pyramidal and extrapyramidal manifestations and sensory deficits. Although recent clinical studies reported additional disease signs suggesting involvement of(More)
Amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) results in the generation of beta-amyloid, the main constituent of Alzheimer plaques, and the APP intracellular domain (AICD). Recently, it has been demonstrated that AICD has transactivation potential; however, the targets of AICD-dependent gene regulation and hence the physiological role of(More)
We report a 52-year-old woman who underwent otoneurosurgery to resect acoustic neurinoma. Bone reconstruction was performed with an aluminium (Al)-containing cement. Six weeks later the patient suffered from loss of consciousness, myoclonic jerks, and persistent grand mal seizures, clinical symptoms that resembled those of lethal dialysis encephalopathy of(More)
Recent in vitro experiments suggest that neurotoxicity of the prion protein is dependent on the presence of microglia. We have studied 11 cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) using immunocytochemistry in combination with computerized image analysis to clarify the relationship between spongiform change and microglial activation. MHC class II-positive(More)
AIMS Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a late onset autosomal dominantly inherited ataxic disorder, which belongs to the group of CAG repeat, or polyglutamine, diseases. Although, it has long been regarded as a 'pure' cerebellar disease, recent clinical studies have demonstrated disease signs challenging the view that neurodegeneration in SCA6 is(More)
Favorable outcome after chemotherapy of glioblastomas cannot unequivocally be linked to promoter hypermethylation of the O 6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene encoding a DNA repair enzyme associated with resistance to alkylating agents. This indicates that molecular mechanisms determining MGMT expression have not yet been fully elucidated. We(More)
Complete sequence analysis of all mitochondrial complex I genes was performed in 22 cases of neuropathologically confirmed idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). DNA from the substantia nigra was used as a template for polymerase chain reaction-based genomic sequencing. Seven novel mutations causing the exchange of amino acids were detected in subunit genes ND1(More)