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Since the discovery of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in 1987, extensive research has been conducted analyzing the APP-derived beta-amyloid (Abeta) which is found in massive quantities in senile plaques of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. Numerous studies over the last two decades have demonstrated the neurotoxic properties of Abeta. However, it is(More)
Amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) results in the generation of beta-amyloid, the main constituent of Alzheimer plaques, and the APP intracellular domain (AICD). Recently, it has been demonstrated that AICD has transactivation potential; however, the targets of AICD-dependent gene regulation and hence the physiological role of(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed prospectively whether MGMT (O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) mRNA expression gains prognostic/predictive impact independent of MGMT promoter methylation in malignant glioma patients undergoing radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide or temozolomide alone. As DNA-methyltransferases (DNMTs) are the enzymes(More)
Apoptosis has been postulated as a mechanism of nerve cell death in Parkinson's disease. In the present study, the substantia nigra of 22 neuropathologically confirmed Parkinson cases and 8 control brains was studied using the in situ end-labeling (TUNEL) method. About 50% of parkinsonian brains showed a small number of TUNEL-positive glial cells in the(More)
AIMS The spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2), type 3 (SCA3) and type 7 (SCA7) are clinically characterized by progressive and severe ataxic symptoms, dysarthria, dysphagia, oculomotor impairments, pyramidal and extrapyramidal manifestations and sensory deficits. Although recent clinical studies reported additional disease signs suggesting involvement of(More)
Recent in vitro experiments suggest that neurotoxicity of the prion protein is dependent on the presence of microglia. We have studied 11 cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) using immunocytochemistry in combination with computerized image analysis to clarify the relationship between spongiform change and microglial activation. MHC class II-positive(More)
Complete sequence analysis of all mitochondrial complex I genes was performed in 22 cases of neuropathologically confirmed idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). DNA from the substantia nigra was used as a template for polymerase chain reaction-based genomic sequencing. Seven novel mutations causing the exchange of amino acids were detected in subunit genes ND1(More)
PURPOSE To study the death of photoreceptors in normally developing and dystrophic retina and to test the role of hypoxia in causing that death. METHODS Death of photoreceptors was detected in the albino, hooded, and Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) strains of rat, and in the rabbit and cat, using the TUNEL technique. Retinas of selected ages from animals(More)
There is increasing evidence that microglia serve as antigen presenters in the human CNS. Although the occurrence of MHC class II immunoreactive cells has been reported in astrocytic gliomas, the relative contribution of microglia to this cell population has not been studied in detail. Using computer-assisted image analysis, we have investigated the(More)
Molecular imaging studies have recently found inter- and intratumoral heterogeneity in World Health Organization (WHO) grade II gliomas. A correlative analysis with tumor histology, however, is still lacking. For elucidation we conducted the current prospective study. Fifty-five adult patients with an MRI-based suspicion of a WHO grade II glioma were(More)