Rupert Conrad

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In his psychobiological model of personality, Cloninger developed a novel approach concerning the relationships between psychopathological syndromes and personality. We investigated 207 chronic pain patients (CPPs) and compared them to 105 pain-free control subjects. Participants were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the(More)
"Oxidative stress" may be of significance in the etiopathogenesis of dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT). Therefore, we measured activities of the enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), which detoxicate reactive oxygen species. Enzyme activities were measured postmortem in basal ganglia, cortical, and limbic brain regions of patients with DAT(More)
To prevent suicidal behaviour, it is important to better understand those personality traits associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. A sample of 394 consecutive major depressed outpatients admitted to Bonn University Hospital was subdivided into three groups: Lifetime suicide attempters (N=32; 8.1%), suicide ideators (N=133) and patients(More)
In the past decades investigators have used personality inventories to help explain the relationship between personality and pain experience. This article reviews empirical research, which has examined temperament and character features in chronic pain patients. Robert Cloninger's temperament and character model of personality based on a bio-psychosocial(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares weight gain and therapy duration in two groups of patients with anorexia nervosa, the first receiving a normal diet aimed at promoting weight gain, the second receiving high-caloric supplements in addition to this normal diet. The study includes patients from two clinics with comparable psychotherapeutic treatment settings(More)
Hintergrund. Die Ätiologie der Chorioretinopathia centralis serosa ist bis heute nicht sicher geklärt. Vorangegangene Studien diskutierten u. a. inadäquate Bewältigungsstrategien und fehlende soziale Unterstützung bei Belastung als Auslösefaktoren. In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wurde der Frage nach einem Zusammenhang zwischen der Chorioretinopathia(More)
This study investigated illness concepts of schizophrenic patients in an Arab-Islamic and a western European cultural background. 24 Jordanian and 23 German inpatients were interviewed using an illness concept scale and a causal belief questionnaire. Jordanian patients tend to believe more in esoteric factors underlying their illness, and they perceive the(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress and anxiety have been shown to produce an activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Resulting hypercoagulability is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and could therefore contribute to an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease in anxiety patients. However, hemostasis function has not yet been studied in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the growing attention to the how, when and where of disclosing a cancer diagnosis, not all patients are satisfied with how the news is broken to them. As in German-speaking countries there is a lack of empirical studies on this subject, this analysis was conducted to determine how the cancer diagnosis was given in a German sample, and how(More)
The authors studied 31 consecutive patients newly diagnosed with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) as compared with 31 age- and gender-matched control subjects, assessing emotional distress (ED), nine psychopathological symptoms, critical life events, and alexithymia. Results showed no difference in the number of critical life events; however CSC(More)