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OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of IV immunoglobulin (IVIg) given patients with untreated chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS A randomized, double-blind, multicenter, investigator-initiated study compared IVIg (Aventis Behring LLC, King of Prussia, PA) with placebo (5% albumin). On days 1, 2, and 21, IVIg (1 g/kg)(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neurodegenerative disease with few therapeutic options. Mild obesity is associated with greater survival in patients with the disease, and calorie-dense diets increased survival in a mouse model. We aimed to assess the safety and tolerability of two hypercaloric diets in patients with amyotrophic lateral(More)
Eleven consecutive patients with progressive chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) underwent plasma exchange. Eight patients were previously unresponsive to prednisone, two were started on prednisone with plasma exchange, and one did not receive corticosteroids. Electrodiagnostic studies revealed evidence of an acquired(More)
BACKGROUND Thymectomy has been a mainstay in the treatment of myasthenia gravis, but there is no conclusive evidence of its benefit. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing thymectomy plus prednisone with prednisone alone. METHODS We compared extended transsternal thymectomy plus alternate-day prednisone with alternate-day prednisone alone.(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, and currently incurable, neuromuscular disease in which oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are contributing to neuronal loss. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant and mitochondrial cofactor, has shown promise in ALS transgenic mice, and in clinical trials for neurodegenerative(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted an 8-wk controlled study with topical 0.075% capsaicin in subjects with chronic severe painful diabetic neuropathy who were unresponsive or intolerant to conventional therapy. Capsaicin is an alkaloid found in capsicum peppers and produces desensitization to noxious thermal, chemical, and mechanical stimuli when applied topically. (More)
The Bethlem myopathy is a rare autosomal dominant proximal myopathy characterized by early childhood onset and joint contractures. Evidence for linkage and genetic heterogeneity has been established, with the majority of families linked to 21q22.3 and one large family linked to 2q37, implicating the three type VI collagen subunit genes, COL6A1 (chromosome(More)
Autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia is genetically heterogeneous, with at least five loci identified by linkage analysis. Recently, mutations in spastin were identified in SPG4, the most common locus for dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia that was previously mapped to chromosome 2p22. We identified five novel mutations in the spastin gene(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As potential therapies aimed at halting or slowing the decline in upper motor neuron function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are developed, a quantitative method for monitoring response will be necessary. Measurement of fractional anisotropy (FA) using diffusion tensor imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Minocycline has anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro, and extends survival in mouse models of some neurological conditions. Several trials are planned or are in progress to assess whether minocycline slows human neurodegeneration. We aimed to test the efficacy of minocycline as a treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).(More)