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BACKGROUND Minocycline has anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro, and extends survival in mouse models of some neurological conditions. Several trials are planned or are in progress to assess whether minocycline slows human neurodegeneration. We aimed to test the efficacy of minocycline as a treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neurodegenerative disease with few therapeutic options. Mild obesity is associated with greater survival in patients with the disease, and calorie-dense diets increased survival in a mouse model. We aimed to assess the safety and tolerability of two hypercaloric diets in patients with amyotrophic lateral(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, and currently incurable, neuromuscular disease in which oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are contributing to neuronal loss. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant and mitochondrial cofactor, has shown promise in ALS transgenic mice, and in clinical trials for neurodegenerative(More)
Autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia is genetically heterogeneous, with at least five loci identified by linkage analysis. Recently, mutations in spastin were identified in SPG4, the most common locus for dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia that was previously mapped to chromosome 2p22. We identified five novel mutations in the spastin gene(More)
We report a large French-Canadian kindred with 33 affected members in six generations showing early-onset autosomal dominant limb-girdle myopathy and contractures. This myopathy is unique because of its benign course, with many members only minimally impaired even in old age. Examination of affected members revealed mild to moderate proximal weakness and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As potential therapies aimed at halting or slowing the decline in upper motor neuron function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are developed, a quantitative method for monitoring response will be necessary. Measurement of fractional anisotropy (FA) using diffusion tensor imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if long-term topiramate therapy is safe and slows disease progression in patients with ALS. METHODS A double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted. Participants with ALS (n = 296) were randomized (2:1) to receive topiramate (maximum tolerated dose up to 800 mg/day) or placebo for 12 months.(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive degenerative disease of the motor system in adults that occurs in sporadic, familial, and Western Pacific forms. Involvement of non-motor pathways has been increasingly recognized, both clinically and pathologically. Although the usual course is relentlessly progressive with death in half the cases within(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the sensitivity of the 3 proposed electrodiagnostic (EDX) criteria for demyelination, the sensitivity and specificity of the proposed Ad Hoc Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology AIDS [Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome] Task Force histologic criteria (AAN criteria), the degree of agreement among these criteria, and the(More)