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Heart rate (HR) variability (HRV; beat-to-beat changes in the R-wave to R-wave interval) has attracted considerable attention during the past 30+ years (PubMed currently lists >17 000 publications). Clinically, a decrease in HRV is correlated to higher morbidity and mortality in diverse conditions, from heart disease to fetal distress. It is usually(More)
[1] In this paper we present the validation results of the operational vertical ozone profiles retrieved from the nadir observations by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) aboard the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) Aura platform. The operational ozone profile retrieval algorithm was developed at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute and the OMI(More)
Oxidative stress-induced DNA damage results in over-activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), leading to parthanatos, a newly discovered cell elimination pathway. Inhibition of PARP1-dependent cell death has shown to improve the outcome of diseases, including stroke, heart ischemia, and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study we aimed to(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy and myocyte survival. Extracellular signal regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) are key components in the MAPK signaling pathways. Dysfunction of ERK1/2 in congenital heart diseases (Noonan syndrome and LEOPARD syndrome) leads to cardiac hypertrophy. ERK2(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are a type of lethal DNA damage. The repair of DSBs requires tight coordination between the factors modulating chromatin structure and the DNA repair machinery. BRG1, the ATPase subunit of the chromatin remodelling complex Switch/Sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF), is often linked to tumorigenesis and genome instability, and(More)
Novel microparticles (3-5 μm) were created by pre-emulsifying barley proteins with a homogenizer followed a microfluidizer system. These microparticles exhibited a high oil carrying capacity (encapsulation efficiency, 93-97%; loading efficiency, 46-49%). Microparticle degradation and bioactive compound release behaviours were studied in the simulated(More)
While N,N'-dialkylimidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) have been well-established as effective solvents for dissolution and processing of cellulose, the detailed mechanism at the molecular level still remains unclear. In this work, we present a combined quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics simulation study on how the ILs dissolve cellulose. On the basis of(More)
Mutations in PINK1 (PTEN-induced putative kinase 1) cause early onset familial Parkinson's disease (PD). PINK1 accumulates on the outer membrane of damaged mitochondria followed by recruiting parkin to promote mitophagy. Here, we demonstrate that BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3), a mitochondrial BH3-only protein, interacts with PINK1(More)
To search for a novel sensor to detect the presence of formaldehyde (HCOH), we investigate reactivities of the intrinsic and boron-doped (B-doped) single-walled (8, 0) carbon nanotube (SWCNT) with HCOH using density functional theory calculations. Compared with the intrinsic SWCNT, the B-doped SWCNT presents high sensitivity to HCOH. This is attributed to(More)
Kernel matrices are popular in machine learning and scientific computing, but they are limited by their quadratic complexity in both construction and storage. It is well-known that as one varies the kernel parameter, e.g., the width parameter in radial basis function kernels, the kernel matrix changes from a smooth low-rank kernel to a diagonally-dominant(More)