Ruopeng Feng

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The transcriptional factor Sox2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (Egfr)-mediated signaling are both required for self-renewal of neural precursor cells (NPCs). However, the mechanism by which these factors coordinately regulate this process is largely unknown. Here we show that Egfr-mediated signaling promotes Sox2 expression, which in turn binds to the(More)
BACKGROUND Heterozygous paired box6 (Pax6) mutations lead to abnormal glucose metabolism in mice older than 6 months as well as in human beings. Our previous study found that Pax6 deficiency caused down-expression of prohormone convertase 1/3 (Pcsk1), resulting in defective proinsulin processing. As a protein cleaving enzyme, in addition to its expression,(More)
Sox2 is well known for its functions in embryonic stem (ES) cell pluripotency, maintenance, and self-renewal, and it is an essential factor in generating inducible pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. It also plays an important role in development and adult tissue homeostasis of different tissues, especially the central nervous system. Increasing evidence has(More)
Lung fibrosis is characterized by vascular leakage and myofibroblast recruitment, and both phenomena are mediated by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) via its type-1 receptor (LPA1). Following lung damage, the accumulated myofibroblasts activate and secrete excessive extracellular matrix (ECM), and form fibrotic foci. Studies have shown that bone marrow-derived(More)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have been generated from human somatic cells by ectopic expression of four Yamanaka factors. Here, we report that Survivin, an apoptosis inhibitor, can enhance iPS cells generation from human neural progenitor cells (NPCs) together with one factor OCT4 (1F-OCT4-Survivin). Compared with 1F-OCT4, Survivin accelerates the(More)
PAX6-null mice exhibit defects in multiple organs leading to neonatal lethality, but the mechanism by which this occurs has not yet fully elucidated. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from Pax6-mutant mice and investigated the effect of PAX6 on cell fate during embryoid body (EB) formation. We found that PAX6 promotes cell(More)
The transcription factor Sox2 [SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2] is essential for the regulation of self-renewal and homoeostasis of NSCs (neural stem cells) during brain development. However, the downstream targets of Sox2 and its underlying molecular mechanism are largely unknown. In the present study, we found that Sox2 directly up-regulates the(More)
Recent advances in self-organizing, 3-dimensional tissue cultures of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provided an in vitro model that recapitulates many aspects of the in vivo developmental steps. Using Rax-GFP-expressing ESCs, newly generated Six3-/- iPSCs, and conditional null Six3delta/f;Rax-Cre ESCs, we identified(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells transit from fibroblast growth factor-responsive to epidermal growth factor (EGF)-responsive stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ). Here, we provide evidences that Pax6 plays a crucial role in the regulation of the EGF-responsive stem cell pool of the SVZ. Using Pax6 homozygous mutant mice (E18.5d), we found that the(More)
The technology to reprogram human somatic cells back to pluripotency allows the production of patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and holds a great promise for regenerative medicine. Choosing the most suitable cell type for induction and reducing the risk of viral transgene activation, especially oncogene activation, are important for(More)