Ruo-yu Zhang

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Whether the well-known metabolic switch AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is involved in the insulin-sensitizing effect of calorie restriction (CR) is unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of AMPK in the insulin-sensitizing effect of CR in skeletal muscle. Wild-type (WT) and AMPK-α2(-/-) mice received ad libitum (AL) or CR (8 weeks at 60% of(More)
A scintillation proximity assay (SPA) has been developed to measure binding of alpha 5 beta 1 integrin, a heterodimeric cell-surface adhesion receptor, to fibronectin. This assay utilizes an anti-beta 1 integrin monoclonal antibody to simultaneously capture alpha 5 beta 1 from a cellular lysate and couple the integrin to anti-mouse IgG antibody-coated SPA(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) plays a crucial role in many cellular processes. As the rate-limiting enzyme of the predominant NAD biosynthesis pathway in mammals, nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) regulates the cellular NAD level. Tumor cells are more sensitive to the NAD levels, making them more susceptible to Nampt inhibition than(More)
Visfatin (also known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase and pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor) is a multifunctional protein. Visfatin has been reported to be involved in several biological processes in the cardiovascular system, . However, the role of visfatin in hypertension is still unclear. In this study, we examined the circulating and local(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is a promising anticancer target. Using high throughput screening system targeting NAMPT, we obtained a potent NAMPT inhibitor MS0 (China Patent ZL201110447488.9) with excellent in vitro activity (IC50 = 9.87 ± 1.15 nM) and anti-proliferative activity against multiple human cancer cell lines including stem-like(More)
1. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 4-phenyl butyric acid (PBA), a novel chemical chaperone reducing ER stress, on serum glucose level in different strains of normal and diabetic rodents. 2. 4-Phenyl butyric acid (1 g/kg per day, i.g.) was(More)
PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 samples were collected during March to May of 2014 at the National atmospheric background monitoring station (Wuyishan station) in Fujian Province. Water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were determined. Meteorological parameters and air pollutants including SO2, NO2, O3, PM10 and PM2.5 were also recorded. The results showed(More)
Transport characteristics of air pollutants transported to the background atmosphere of East China were investigated using HYSPLIT (Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) 4.8 model driven by NCEP reanalysis data during June 2011 to May 2012. Based on the air pollutants monitoring data collected at the National atmospheric background(More)
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