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Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common form of congenital cardiovascular defect in humans worldwide and is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Accumulating evidence has demonstated that genetic risk factors are involved in the pathogenesis of BAV. However, BAV is genetically heterogeneous and the genetic basis underlying BAV in a(More)
Tetraology of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease and is a major cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Emerging evidence demonstrates that genetic risk factors are involved in the pathogenesis of TOF. However, TOF is genetically heterogeneous and the genetic defects responsible for TOF remain largely unclear. In(More)
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common form of congenital cardiovascular defect in humans and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Emerging evidence demonstrates that genetic risk factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of BAV. However, BAV is a genetically heterogenous disorder, and the genetic defects underpinning BAV(More)
BACKGROUND The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor HAND1 is essential for cardiac development and structural remodeling, and mutations in HAND1 have been causally linked to various congenital heart diseases. However, whether genetically compromised HAND1 predisposes to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans remains unknown. METHODS The whole(More)
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) represents the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in humans. Emerging evidence has implicated genetic defects in the pathogenesis of TOF. However, TOF is genetically heterogeneous and the genetic basis for TOF in most patients remains unclear. In this study,(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common developmental abnormality, and is the leading noninfectious cause of mortality in neonates. Increasing evidence demonstrates that genetic defects play an important role in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD exhibits substantial heterogeneity, and the genetic determinants for CHD remain unknown in the(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most prevalent developmental abnormality in humans and is the most common non-infectious cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Increasing evidence demonstrates that genetic defects are involved in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD is genetically heterogeneous, and the genetic determinants underpinning CHD in most(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and is the most prevalent non-infectious cause of infant death. Aggregating evidence demonstrates that genetic defects are involved in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD is genetically heterogeneous and the genetic determinants for CHD in an overwhelming majority of patients remain unknown.(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common form of developmental anomaly and is the leading non-infectious cause of infant mortality. A growing body of evidence demonstrates that genetic risk factors are involved in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD is a genetically heterogeneous disease and the genetic determinants for CHD in most patients(More)