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Complications after ischaemic stroke, including both neurological and medical complications, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Neurological complications, such as brain oedema or haemorrhagic transformation, occur earlier than do medical complications and can affect outcomes with potential serious short-term and long-term consequences. Some of(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicated overall relatively low prevalence of dementia in older people in China, which may be biased by studied samples or methods. We determined the prevalence of dementia cases and subcases in China and examined their socio-economic correlates. METHODS Using the Geriatric Mental State interview, we examined random samples of(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been shown to infect T lymphocytes and is associated with two recently recognized human T-lymphoproliferative disorders: childhood EBV-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS) representing a primary or active EBV infection of T cells in young children, and the EBV-containing T cell lymphoma in adults predominantly affecting(More)
Dysfunction of the choroid plexuses (CPs) and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB) might contribute to age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disease. We used the CPs from young (1-2 years), middle-aged (3-6 years) and old (7-10 years) sheep to explore effects of aging on various aspects of CP and BCSFB functions. Total protein in the(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), or human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) associated haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, has been found prevalent in Taiwan; it affects previously healthy children and is always fatal when treated only supportively. Recognition of the underlying pathogenesis for this disease prompted adoption of an immunomodulatory regimen of intravenous(More)
Ten cases of pediatric fulminant hemophagocytic syndrome, encountered between 1986 and 1989, are described. They occurred in the summer, and the patients presented with fever, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, coagulopathy, and abnormal liver function. Bone marrow studies revealed infiltration by atypical T-lymphoid cells, rare B immunoblasts, and(More)
The long-term outcome of 22 children treated with etoposide-containing regimens for haemophagocytic syndrome (HS) were longitudinally studied; none of them had a family history of the disease. All patients received etoposide-containing (150 mg/m2/d) regimens, combined, in 16 cases, with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and prednisolone. Complete remission(More)
Biomarkers for neurodegenerative disorders are potentially present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and can be detected using proteomic technologies. Since CSF is high in salt and low in protein, its study by proteomic methods requires appropriate sample preparation. In this study, we applied four different sample treatments to the same ovine CSF sample.(More)
The best neuroprotectant for acute ischaemic stroke would always be the rapid return of oxygen and glucose to physiological levels. This is currently provided by thrombolysis which restores blood flow to the ischaemic region. The attempt to confer neuroprotection by targeting the brain parenchyma has shown promise in experimental stroke models, but has(More)
Immortalized B lymphocytes from Werner syndrome subjects are shown to be hypersensitive to 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO), supporting earlier work on T lymphocytes. We also show that B cell lines from clinically normal heterozygous carriers exhibit sensitivities to this genotoxic agent, which are intermediate to those of wild-type and homozygous mutants.(More)