Runsheng Ruan

Learn More
The aim of this study was to determine whether neurotrophic factors such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) would protect auditory hair cells from ototoxicity by aminoglycoside antibiotic. Twenty-seven Wistar guinea pigs were divided into three groups of nine animals each. BDNF and NT-3 (100 microg/ml) were delivered into(More)
CONCLUSION This study suggests that the validation of reference genes is important for the accurate evaluation of differential gene expression in age-related hearing loss (AHL). OBJECTIVES To identify the most stable reference gene in the auditory cortex and cochlea of young and old rats. Materials and methods. mRNA levels of some common reference genes(More)
Nitric oxide synthase activities in the facial motor nucleus were studied in rats after unilateral compression of the facial nerve. Using a radiometric assay which measured the total soluble nitric oxide synthase activities in the facial motor nucleus and the surrounding tissues, it was found that nitric oxide synthase activities were markedly increased(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity would be induced in facial motoneurons after facial nerve avulsion and if so, whether such activity was related to neuronal death commonly observed after such injury. The left facial nerve in each of 28 Wistar(More)
Compression of the rat facial nerve in its bony canal led to increased nitric oxide synthase activity in the facial motoneurons as revealed by NADPH-d histochemistry. The increase occurred steadily from 3 days to 6 weeks, peaking at 4 weeks after compression. Parallel to this was also a gradual return of facial function which reached its maximum at 4-5(More)
The high degree of bone marrow cell (BMC) plasticity has prompted us to test its restoration possibility in inner ear repair. Our aim was to determine the potential of these cells to transdifferentiate into specialized cochlea cell types after acoustic injury and BMC mobilization. Lethally irradiated mice were transplanted with BMCs from green fluorescent(More)
Valid housekeeping genes (HKG) are a prerequisite for accurate gene quantification. We performed real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to investigate the gene expression of five commonly used HKGs (beta-actin, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [GAPDH], ubiquitin C [UBC], hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl-transferase [HPRT], and(More)
The distributions of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in mammalian cochlea were studied at light and electron microscope levels by NADPH-d histochemistry and brain NOS (bNOS) immunohistochemistry. The cochleae from 15 albino guinea pigs were perilymphatically fixed with 2%(More)
We have previously reported the changes of mitochondrial function and/or antioxidative enzyme efficiency in a few organs of rats as a result of aging. However, there is a further need to reach a conclusion about their interactions in biological functions based on other evaluation tips like the usage of advanced methods and the exploring of crucial(More)
Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been used as a donor for nitric oxide (NO) to study the effects of NO on the mammalian cochlea. In the present study, we set out to determine whether NO was the chemical responsible for the ototoxic effects seen after the application of SNP at the round window membrane of the adult guinea pig cochlea. In the first instance, NO(More)