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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the chemokine ligand 2/chemokine receptor 2 (CCL2/CCR2) signaling pathway plays an important role in pain induced by experimental tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS Expression of CCL2/CCR2 in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) was determined by Western blotting 0 hours, 4 hours, 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, and 7 days after(More)
Osteoporosis is characterized by a broken balance between bone formation and bone resorption. Mechanical stress has been considered to be an important factor in bone modeling and remodeling. However, biological responses of stromal cells in osteoporosis to mechanical stimuli remain unknown. To explore the correlation between mechanical stress and(More)
To test the hypothesis that the astrocytic chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) plays an important role in nocifensive behaviors after experimental tooth movement (ETM), the expression and cellular localization of CCL2 and astrocyte activation in the medullary dorsal horn (MDH) were determined by immunohistochemistry in rats. The dose-dependent effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the CCL2/CCR2 signaling pathway plays an important role in pain induced by experimental tooth movement. METHODS Male Sprague- Dawley rats weighing between 200 and 300 g were used in this study. Expression of CCL2/CCR2 in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) was determined by Western blotting 0 h, 4 h, 1 d, 3 d, 5 d, 7 d after(More)
Growth disorders of the craniofacial bones may lead to craniofacial deformities. The majority of maxillofacial bones are derived from cranial neural crest cells via intramembranous bone formation. Any interruption of the craniofacial skeleton development process might lead to craniofacial malformation. A disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM)10 plays an(More)
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