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Plasma levels of cortisol were sampled for 24 hours in 32 endogenously depressed (ED) patients and 72 normal controls who also underwent the dexamethasone suppression test. The ED patients had significantly higher mean 24-hour plasma levels of cortisol (means 24h PC). However, means 24h PC values of subjects in both groups were normally distributed, with a(More)
Electroencephalogram sleep measures over a 4-week period were obtained on 35 inpatients with major depression (unipolar) who received either fluvoxamine or desipramine in a randomized double-blind trial. Fluvoxamine showed immediate rapid eye movement (REM) sleep suppression and an alerting effect on sleep continuity measures. In contrast, desipramine(More)
Forty patients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were entered in a double-blind study to assess comparative clinical response and pharmacologic parameters of fluvoxamine, a highly selective blocker of serotonin reuptake, and desipramine, a noradrenergic agent. Eighteen patients receiving desipramine and 17 patients receiving fluvoxamine(More)
A double-blind, randomized trial of oral vs intravenous clomipramine hydrochloride pulse-loading dosing regimens was conducted. After a two-week drug-free assessment period, 22 inpatients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were given either an evening infusion of 150 mg of clomipramine hydrochloride and placebo tablets or 150 mg of oral(More)
The mean 24-hour plasma level of cortisol with plasma sampling every 20-30 minutes was determined in 32 normal women aged 12-73, 40 normal men aged 10-55, 21 depressed women aged 20-61, and 11 depressed men aged 22-66. The mean levels of cortisol were higher in the group of depressives compared with the controls. Cortisol levels showed a significant linear(More)
Dextroamphetamine sulfate administered intravenously in the morning to 11 unmedicated depressed patients suppressed previously elevated plasma cortisol levels to normal in 90 minutes, a fall of 33% from baseline. Ten other depressed patients, without amphetamine, maintained high cortisol levels during the same time period. In each of five normal young men,(More)
Plasma levels of cortisol were sampled for 24 hours in 32 endogenously depressed (ED) patients and 72 controls to examine mean 24-hour plasma levels of cortisol, intervention in the feedback mechanism of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system (the dexamethasone suppression test), the circadian rhythm of cortisol secretion and its magnitude, and the(More)
The PRL, GH, and cortisol responses to insulin tolerance tests (ITTs) were evaluated in 12 medically healthy schizophrenic patients during a drug-free period and after 1 and 6 weeks of treatment with penfluridol, a potent, long acting, dopamine-blocking neuroleptic. Hypoglycemic responses were the same before and during penfluridol therapy. Although resting(More)
The authors administered 2 mg of dexamethasone at 11:00 p.m. to 37 unmedicated hospitalized endogenously depressed patients and assessed their plasma cortisol response at 4:00 and 11:00 p.m. the next day. In addition, on nondexamethasone days 26 of these patients had mean 24-hour plasma cortisol concentration determinations from samples taken at 30-min(More)