Rune Elvik

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This paper is a corrigendum to the previously published paper: “Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: A re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001” [Accid. Anal. Prev. (2011) 1245–1251]. This corrigendum was prepared to correct errors in data and analysis in the previously published paper. Like the(More)
This paper examines the predictive validity of empirical Bayes (EB) estimates of road safety. The predictive performance of EB-estimates was tested by applying five versions of EB-estimates of road safety: (1) A simple estimate derived from the empirical distribution of accidents in a population of sites, by which the number of accidents predicted for(More)
This paper discusses the applicability of cost-benefit analysis as an aid to policy making for road safety measures. A framework for assessing the applicability of cost-benefit analysis is developed. Five main types of criticism of cost-benefit analysis are identified: 1. rejecting the basic principles of cost-benefit analysis as not applicable to road(More)
Studies that have evaluated the association between increases in traffic fine amounts (fixed penalties) and changes in compliance with road traffic law or the number of accidents are synthesised by means of meta-analysis. The studies were few and different in many respects. Nine studies were included in the meta-analysis of changes in compliance. Four(More)
This paper reports the findings of two studies made eleven years apart in Norway (Fridstrøm, 2000; Elvik and Kaminska, 2011) to evaluate effects on accidents of changes in the use of studded tyres in major cities in Norway. The first study covered the period from 1991 to 2000, the second study covered the period from 2002 to 2009. In both these periods,(More)
The world of powered two-wheelers has changed dramatically in recent decades, along with a steady increase in the number and diversity of the fleet and uses. This evolution has led to some benefits in terms of mobility, but also some drawbacks in terms of safety. The problems involved are neither simple nor monolithic and there is a lack of knowledge about(More)
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