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Thirteen new acylated iridoids, jatamanvaltrates A-M (1-13), together with nine known valepotriates (14-22), were isolated from the whole plants of Valeriana jatamansi (syn. Valeriana wallichii). The structures of these new compounds were assigned by detailed interpretation of spectroscopic data. Jatamanvaltrates D (4) and H (9) are the first examples of(More)
A phytochemical investigation of the bulbs of Crinum asiaticum L. var. sinicum Baker resulted in the isolation of two new alkaloids, asiaticumines A and B (1 and 2, resp.), together with 21 known compounds, including nine alkaloids, four amides, five phenolic compounds, and three flavonoids. All 23 compounds were isolated for the first time from Crinum(More)
Thirteen new iridoids including seven iridolactones, jatamanins A-M (1-13), and a new lignan, (+)-9'-isovaleroxylariciresinol (14), together with seven known iridoids and 13 lignans were obtained from whole plants of Valeriana jatamansi. Structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic and crystallographic methods, and the absolute(More)
Astragaloside IV is the major active constituent of Astragalus membranaceus, which has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. However, the effects of astragaloside IV on myocardial ischemia and its mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. In this study, we have examined the effects of astragaloside IV on myocardial(More)
Eight protoberberine-type alkaloids and two indole alkaloids were isolated from the MeOH extracts of the herb Corydalis saxicola Bunting (Papaveraceae). Their structures were identified as dehydrocavidine (1), dehydroapocavidine (2), dehydroisoapocavidine (3), berberine (4), dehydroisocorypalmine (5), coptisine (6), tetradehydroscoulerine (7), berbinium(More)
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is pivotal in tumor metastasis. Our previous work reported an EMT model based on primary prostate epithelial cells (EP156T) which gave rise to cells with mesenchymal phenotype (EPT1) without malignant transformation. To promote prostate cell transformation, cells were maintained in saturation density cultures to(More)
A sensitive rapid method for the simultaneous determination of four major active alkaloids (dehydrocavidine, coptisine, dehydroapocavidine, and tetradehydroscoulerine, in abbreviation thereafter called YHL-I, YHL-II, YHL-III, and YHL-IV, respectively) from a Chinese traditional medicine Corydalis saxicola Bunting. (Yanhuanglian) in rat plasma and urine was(More)
HPLC-PDA-MS and TLC analysis were used to look for minor cytotoxic chlorinated valepotriates from whole plants of Valeriana jatamansi (syn. Valeriana wallichii DC.). This resulted in isolation of 15 chlorinated valepotriates, designated as chlorovaltrates A-O, together with six known analogues, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1,5-dihydroxyvalechlorine,(More)
The structures of 1,5-dihydroxy-3,8-epoxyvalechlorine (1a) and volvaltrate B (6a), two new chlorinated iridoids isolated from Valeriana jatamansi and V. officinalis, respectively, were originally assigned on the basis of spectroscopic methods. Reinvestigation using X-ray analysis and chemical transformation revealed that the original assignment of H-7 in 1a(More)
Seven benzophenanthridine alkaloids, 1-7, were isolated from the roots of Zanthoxylum nitidum. Among them, two novel alkaloids, named (R)-8-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]dihydrochelerythrine (1) and 8-methoxynorchelerythrine (2), were structurally identified as new compounds on the basis of the spectroscopic analysis. Bioactivity evaluation showed that nitidine (3),(More)